Advertisement

Design of a Low-Cost Wind Turbine Controller for Decentralized Rural Electrification Through the Small Wind Turbine

  • Ababacar NdiayeEmail author
  • Mohamed El Ali
  • Salif Sow
  • Cheikh M. F. Kébé
  • Vincent Sambou
  • Papa A. Ndiaye
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 296)

Abstract

This paper present the development of a low-cost wind turbine controller for decentralized rural electrification through the small wind turbine. This controller allows on the one hand protecting the battery against overcharging and deep discharge. On the other hand, it helps to protect the turbine against strong winds. It is controlled by PIC microcontroller 16F877A. This control function is performed using an algorithm that continuously compares the battery voltage to the charge and discharge thresholds, and tilting towards dissipation resistors. The control signals generated by the microcontroller are PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) type. The validation of the main functions of the controller is presented. The main advantages of this controller are the robustness, the simplicity and especially the low cost.

Keywords

Controller Wind turbine Microcontroller 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the “African Center of Excellence in Mathematics, Computing and ICT, CEA-MITIC” has supported the costs of transportation to present this work in the 3rd edition of Intersol in Cairo.

References

  1. Amin, N., Azim, M.A., Sopian, K. Development of cost effective charge controller with data acquisition options for PV powered sensor nodes. In: 33rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2008. PVSC 2008 (2008)Google Scholar
  2. Datasheet PIC 16F877A: Microchip Technology Inc. (2012)Google Scholar
  3. Huet, F.: A review of impedance measurements for determination of the state-of charge. J. Power Sources 70, 59–68 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Kirchev, M.A.: Studies of the pulse charge of lead-acid batteries for PV applications, part II. Impedance of the positive plate revisited (2007)Google Scholar
  5. Koutroulis, E., Kalaitzakis, K.: Novel battery charging regulation system for photovoltaic applications. IEEE Proc. Electr. Power Appl. 151(2), 191–197 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Mayeux, P.: Apprendre la Programmation des PIC par l’Expérimentation et la Simulation. ETSF 2nd edn. 2002 (2002)Google Scholar
  7. Ndiaye, A., Dzahini, D., Ndiaye, P.A., Kébé, C.M.F., Sambou, V.: Impact of injected charges, clock noise and operational amplifier imperfections on the sample and hold (SH) overall performance. Appl. Phys. Res. 4(4), 18–25 (2012).  https://doi.org/10.5539/apr.v4n4p18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ndiaye, A., Judalet, V., Kébé, C.M.F., Ndiaye, P.A.: Développement d’un régulateur de charge/décharge de batterie à seuils configurables pour des applications éoliennes. J. des Sciences Pour l’Ingénieur 1(12), 57–62 (2010). http://www.ajol.info/index.php/jspi/article/view/67976
  9. Usher, E.P., Ross, M.M.D.: Recommended Practices for Charge Controllers. Report IEA PVPS T3-05 (1998)Google Scholar
  10. Thiringer, T., Petersson, a.: Control of a Variable-Speed Pitch-Regulated Wind Turbine, Chalmers University of Technology (2005)Google Scholar
  11. Heier, S.: Wind Energy Conversion systems, pp. 39–41, Wiley (2006)Google Scholar
  12. Ingram, G.: Wind Turbine Blade Analysis Using the Blade Element Momentum Method, Durham University, October 2011Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ababacar Ndiaye
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mohamed El Ali
    • 3
  • Salif Sow
    • 2
  • Cheikh M. F. Kébé
    • 2
  • Vincent Sambou
    • 2
  • Papa A. Ndiaye
    • 2
  1. 1.Département de PhysiqueUniversité Assane Seck de Ziguinchor, UFR – Sciences et TechnologiesZiguinchorSénégal
  2. 2.Centre International de Formation et de Recherche en Energie Solaire (CIFRES)Ecole Supérieure Polytechnique – UCADDakar-FannSénégal
  3. 3.Département Génie Electrique et Informatique Industrielle, IUT ‘A’ Paul SabatierToulouseFrance

Personalised recommendations