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Selected Issues of Soil-Steel Bridge Design and Analysis

  • Damian Beben
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Part of the Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering book series (GGEE, volume 49)

Abstract

The chapter contains an introduction to the design of soil-steel bridges (applied theories and methods). Three most commonly used methods of designing soil-steel bridges are presented in detail. The first method developed by Hakan Sundquist and Lars Pettersson (known as the Swedish Design Method) is described. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO method) and Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code (CHBDC method) also proposes the calculation methods of soil-steel bridges (they constitute the second and third methods, respectively). Besides, the procedure of design of soil-steel bridges with long span (exceeding 8.0 m) is also shown. Discussion of the selected calculation results using design methods compared with test results is presented. Next, the construction methods of the soil-steel bridges is described. In addition, the method of reinforcing of old bridges using the corrugated steel plates is also shown. The most commonly construction and design errors occurring at the soil-steel bridges are presented on the real examples. The finite element analyses of the soil-steel bridges are described taking into account the crucial model-ling elements such as interface, modelling of corrugation plates, soil models. The selected results of numerical analyses are presented for the box culvert, pipe-arch, arch structure with reinforced concrete slab, and arch with flat plates versus corrugated. At the end the general conclusions of finite element analysis of the soil-steel bridges are given.

Keywords

Soil-steel bridge Design methods Construction methods Design problems Construction errors Numerical modeling 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Damian Beben
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Civil Engineering and ArchitectureOpole University of TechnologyOpolePoland

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