Advertisement

Laughing at Victoria: A Queen in Caricature

  • Ian HaywoodEmail author
Chapter
  • 14 Downloads
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Nineteenth-Century Writing and Culture book series (PNWC)

Abstract

This chapter looks at the prolific and sustained caricature campaign against the new queen. The chapter argues that radical caricaturists challenged the new, domesticated image of monarchy by focusing on the economic and ideological costs of popular delusion. Each stage in the royal romance of Victoria’s early career was vigorously lampooned—Queen’s speech, coronation, courtship, marriage and motherhood. The xenophobic stereotyping of her German husband and relations was simply one aspect of the radical refashioning of Victoria as a willing performer in a royal farce. This chapter also has an Afterword which considers the book’s contribution to various disciplines including periodical studies, art history, popular culture and labour history.

Keywords

Queen Victoria: Prince Albert Chartism Royal paupers John Bull Charles Jameson Grant Duke of Wellington 

Bibliography

  1. Bagehot, Walter. The English Constitution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barlow, Joel. The Conspiracy of Kings. London: J. Johnson, 1792.Google Scholar
  3. Brake, Laurel, and Marysa Demoor, eds. Dictionary of Nineteenth Century Journalism. London: Academia Press and the British Library, 2009.Google Scholar
  4. Chase, Malcolm. Chartism: A New History. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2007.Google Scholar
  5. Christ, Carol T., and John O. Jordan, Victorian Literature and the Victorian Visual Imagination. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.Google Scholar
  6. Frederman, William E. ‘A Charivari for Queen Butterfly: Punch on Queen Victoria.’ Victorian Poetry 25. 3/4 (1987): 47–73.Google Scholar
  7. Godfrey, Richard T. James Gillray: The Art of Caricature. London: Tate Publishing, 2001.Google Scholar
  8. Grego, Joseph. The Works of James Gillray, the Caricaturist. London: Chatto and Windus, 1873.Google Scholar
  9. Hazlitt, William. ‘On the Spirit of the Monarchy’. In P. P. Howe, ed. The Complete Works of William Hazlitt, 21 vols. London: J. M. Dent, 1930–1934. XIX: 255–267.Google Scholar
  10. Homans, Margaret, and Adrienne Munich, eds. Remaking Queen Victoria. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.Google Scholar
  11. ———. Royal Representations: Queen Victoria and British Culture, 1837–76. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1998.Google Scholar
  12. Howatson, M. C. ed. The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.Google Scholar
  13. Hunt, Tamara L. Defining John Bull: Political Caricature and National Identity in Late Georgian England. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003.Google Scholar
  14. Olechnowicz, Andrzej, ed. The Monarchy and the British Nation, 1780 to the Present. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.Google Scholar
  15. Plunkett, John. Queen Victoria: First Media Monarch. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.Google Scholar
  16. Taylor, Anthony. ‘Down with the Crown’: British Anti-Monarchism and Debates About the Royalty Since 1790. London: Reaktion Books, 1999.Google Scholar
  17. The Poetical Works of Ebenezer Elliott, the Corn-Law Rhymer. Edinburgh: Alan Tait, 1840.Google Scholar
  18. The Quaver; or Songster’s Companion. London: Charles Jones, 1844.Google Scholar
  19. Thompson, Dorothy. Queen Victoria: Gender and Power. London: Virago, 1990.Google Scholar
  20. ———. Outsiders: Class, Gender and Nation. London: Verso, 1993.Google Scholar
  21. Turner, Mark. ‘Time, Periodicals and Literary Studies.’ Victorian Periodicals Review. 39. 4 (2006): 309–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Wade, John. The Black Book; or, Corruption Unmasked! London: John Fairburn, 1820.Google Scholar
  23. Williams, Richard. Contentious Crown: Public Discussion of the Monarchy in the Reign of Queen Victoria. Aldershot: Ashgate, 1997.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of RoehamptonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations