The Reform Hurricane: Radical Satirical Broadsheets

  • Ian HaywoodEmail author
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Nineteenth-Century Writing and Culture book series (PNWC)


This chapter introduces the new breed of cheap, radical weekly newspapers which featured a satirical cartoon on the front page, in most cases the work of Charles Jameson Grant. Borrowing from the format of Figaro in London, these pro-Chartist broadsheets dominated the visual representation of politics until the arrival of the Illustrated London News and Punch in the early 1840s. The chapter focuses on three titles: the Penny Satirist, Cleave’s Gazette of Variety and Odd Fellow. One of the achievements of these publications was the use of the diptych to convey Britain’s ‘two nations’ of rich and poor. The chapter argues that this genre drew on the populist energies of illustrated popular fiction as well as the high-minded radical discourse of the unillustrated Chartist press.


Charles Jameson Grant Penny Satirist: Cleave’s Gazette of Variety: Odd Fellow: Chartist press John Cleave: Henry Hetherington John Bull. Lord Brougham Duke of Wellington 


  1. Anderson, Patricia. The Printed Image and the Transformation of Popular Culture, 1790–1860. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994.Google Scholar
  2. Brake, Laurel, and Marysa Demoor, eds. Dictionary of Nineteenth Century Journalism. London: Academia Press and the British Library, 2009.Google Scholar
  3. Fox, Celina. Graphic Journalism in England During the 1830s and 1840s. New York and London: Garland Publishing, 1988.Google Scholar
  4. Frost, Thomas. Forty Years’ Recollections: Literary and Political. London: Sampson Low, 1890.Google Scholar
  5. Haywood, Ian. The Revolution in Popular Literature: Print, Politics and the People 1790–1860. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.Google Scholar
  6. Hewitt, Martin. The Dawn of the Cheap Press in Britain: The End of the ‘Taxes on Knowledge’, 1849–1869. London: Bloomsbury, 2013.Google Scholar
  7. Jacobs, Edward. ‘The Politicization of Everyday Life in Cleave’s Weekly Police Gazette (1834–36)’. Victorian Periodicals Review 41. 3 (2008): 225–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lawrence, Paul, ed. The New Police in the Nineteenth Century. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2011.Google Scholar
  9. Ledger, Sally. Dickens and the Popular Radical Imagination. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.Google Scholar
  10. Maidment, Brian. Review of Richard A. Gaunt and Fintan Cullen, eds. Peel in Caricature: The ‘Political Sketches’ of John Doyle (‘H.B.’) (2014). Victorian Periodicals Review 48. 1 (2015): 146.Google Scholar
  11. Miller, D. A. The Novel and the Police. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1988.Google Scholar
  12. Miller, Henry. Politics Personified: Portraiture, Caricature and Visual Culture in Britain, c. 1830–1880. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2015.Google Scholar
  13. Pound, Richard J. ‘Journalism and the Transformation of English Graphic Satire 1830–1836’. Unpublished PhD, University College London. 2002.Google Scholar
  14. Smith, F. B. Radical Artisan: William James Linton 1812–97. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1973.Google Scholar
  15. Thackeray, W. M. ‘Half a Crown’s Worth of Cheap Knowledge’. Fraser’s Magazine 17 (1838): 279–290.Google Scholar
  16. The Bible: Authorized Version. London: The British and Foreign Bible Society, 1963.Google Scholar
  17. Vicinus, Martha, ed. The Widening Sphere: Changing Roles of Victorian Women. London: Routledge Revivals, 2013 [1977].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of RoehamptonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations