Smiling Earth - Citizens’ Awareness on Environmental Sustainability Using Energy and Transport Data

  • Sobah Abbas PetersenEmail author
  • Peter Ahcin
  • Idar Petersen
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11863)


This paper describes the design and implementation of a mobile app, Smiling Earth, to support citizens to contribute to climate change by being aware of their carbon footprint and making changes in their daily energy consumption and transportation. One of the main aims of this work is to explore the ways in which ICT could help raise awareness and educate citizens about their actions and their consequences on the environment. The Smiling Earth app is designed to visualise data about citizens’ activities and to motivate citizens to change their behavior to reduce their CO2 emissions by changing their transportation habits. The app takes a broader perspective of CO2 emissions, bringing together the transport and energy sectors. The design process and a preliminary evaluation of Smiling Earth is presented in the paper. This work has been conducted as a part of the EU DESENT project.


CO2 emissions Green transportation Urban mobility Carbon footprint Behavior change Gamification 



This work has been funded by the Norwegian Research Council and the European Union through the DESENT project. Smiling Earth was implemented and evaluated by 2 MSc students, Celine Minh and Ragnhild Larsen, and a summer student at NTNU.


  1. 1.
    Granell, C., et al.: Future internet technologies for environmental applications. J. Environ. Model. Softw. 78, 1–15 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Froehlich, J., et al.: UbiGreen: investigating a mobile tool for tracking and supporting green transportation habits. In: CHI, pp. 1043–1052. ACM (2009)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nyblom, Å., Eriksson, E.: Time is of essence - changing the horizon of travel planning. In: 2nd International Conference on ICT for Sustainability (ICT4S 2014). Atlantis Press, Amsterdam (2014)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fogg, B.J.: Persuasive Technology: Using Computers to Change What We Think and Do. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, San Francisco (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Caroleo, B., Morelli, N., Lissandrello, E., Vesco, A., Di Dio, S., Mauro, S.: Measuring the change towards more sustainable mobility: MUV impact evaluation approach. Systems 7(2), 30 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Di Dio, S., Lissandrello, E., Schillaci, D., Caroleo, B., Vesco, A., D’Hespeel, I.: MUV: a game to encourage sustainable mobility habits. In: Gentile, M., Allegra, M., Söbke, H. (eds.) GALA 2018. LNCS, vol. 11385, pp. 60–70. Springer, Cham (2019). Scholar
  7. 7.
    Prochaska, J.O., Velicer, W.F.: The transtheoretical model of health behavior change. Am. J. Health Promot. 12(1), 38–48 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dillahunt, T., Becker, G., Mankoff, J., Kraut, R.: Motivating environmentally sustainable behavior changes with a virtual polar bear. In: Foth, M., Satchell, C., Paulos, E., Igoe, T., Raasch, C. (eds.) Workshop on Pervasive Persuasive Technology and Environmental Sustainability, pp. 18–22 (2008)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Shiraishi, M., Washio, Y., Takayama, C., Lehdonvirta, V., Kimura, H., Nakajima, T.: Using individual social and economic persuasion techniques to reduce CO2 emissions in a family setting. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Persuasive Technology 2009, Claremont, California, USA (2009)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Takayama, C., Lehdonvirta, V.: EcoIsland: a system for persuading users to reduce CO2 Emissions. In: Workshop on Pervasive Persuasive Technology and Environmental Sustainability, pp. 73–76 (2008)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Statistics Norway. Emissions of greenhouse gases, 1990–2015, final figures. Accessed 28 June 2017.
  12. 12.
    Greenhouse Gas Emissions from a Typical Passenger Vehicle. Office of Transportation and Air Quality, EPA (2014)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sobah Abbas Petersen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Peter Ahcin
    • 2
  • Idar Petersen
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceNorwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway
  2. 2.SINTEF EnergyTrondheimNorway

Personalised recommendations