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Tripartite Interaction Among Nanoparticles, Symbiotic Microbes, and Plants: Current Scenario and Future Perspectives

  • Ovaid Akhtar
  • Ifra Zoomi
  • Dheeraj Pandey
  • Harbans Kaur Kehri
  • Raghvendra Pratap Narayan
Chapter
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)

Abstract

In recent few decades, our understanding in the field of nanobiotechnology is increased dramatically. A number of nanoparticles (NPs) are synthesized by physical, chemical, as well as relatively safer green synthesis method. NPs seem to be the substitute for their respective bulk particles because of better action and sustained release. In agriculture production NPs could replace the use of chemical fertilizer in bulk, which otherwise deteriorates the soil health in the long term. However, because of unregulated use, it has posed negative impacts on ecosystems. NPs in the soil interact with the belowground microbes. The interaction reported till date is positive, negative, or neutral. For the application of engineered NPs in the agricultural field, it is of prime importance to understand the interaction among NPs, soil microbes, and plant roots. However, being a relatively new field, this understating is still at its beginning. This chapter reports about the interaction of NPs with symbiotic microbes, e.g., arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi, Rhizobia, etc. The mechanisms behind the reported interactions till date are generalized with the help of artwork. The chapter ends with the future perspectives of NPs along with the symbiotic soil microbes in increasing agronomy and soil heath.

Keywords

Nanoparticles (NPs) AM fungi Nitrogen fixers P solubilizers Symbioses 

Abbreviations

AM

Arbuscular mycorrhiza

CNT

Carbon nanotubes

DOC

Dissolved organic carbon

GRSPs

Glomalin-related soil proteins

MWCNTs

Multi-walled carbon nanotubes

NP

Nanoparticles

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ovaid Akhtar
    • 1
  • Ifra Zoomi
    • 2
  • Dheeraj Pandey
    • 2
  • Harbans Kaur Kehri
    • 2
  • Raghvendra Pratap Narayan
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of BotanyKamla Nehru Institute of Physical and Social SciencesSultanpurIndia
  2. 2.Sadasivan Mycopathology Laboratory, Department of BotanyUniversity of AllahabadAllahabadIndia
  3. 3.Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Government Girls P.G. CollegeLucknowIndia

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