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Bioinspired Interfaces for the Management of Skin Infections

  • Sandra L. AriasEmail author
  • Joshua Devorkin
  • Ana Civantos
  • Camilo Jaramillo
  • Jean Paul Allain
Chapter
  • 94 Downloads

Abstract

The percutaneous invasion of microorganisms through damaged skin layers can lead to the onset of infections with potentially life-threatening complications, especially in vulnerable populations like newborns, elderly, and diabetic patients. With the emergence of superbugs that are resistant to almost all the available antibiotics and the unfruitful discovery of new antimicrobial compounds in the last few decades, there is a demand for novel engineering strategies to approach skin and soft tissue infections associated with the used of biomaterials. Naturally occurring anti-biofouling and antimicrobial interfaces based on spatial structure offer an unprecedented opportunity for biomaterial design, as they do not contribute to bacterial resistance, do not pollute the environment, and can be easily implemented in a variety of biomaterial interfaces. In this article, we review the complications caused by biomaterials in contact with the skin, especially those that compromise medical adhesives, sutures, and wound dressing materials. Then, we introduced bioinspired designs that can be implemented in those materials based on nano- and microscale topographies.

Keywords

Skin microbiome Skin and soft tissue infections Bioinspired Biofilms Bactericidal nanostructures Microtopography Nanotopography Nanofabrication Medical adhesives Bandages Tapes Sutures Wound dressing 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Material characterization was partially carried out in the Materials Research Laboratory Central Facilities at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Authors would like to thank Zachariah Koyn for his technical support on performing part of the material irradiations. Sandra L. Arias would like to thank Monika Makurath and Roshni Bano for their helpful discussions on microbial physiology.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sandra L. Arias
    • 1
    Email author
  • Joshua Devorkin
    • 2
  • Ana Civantos
    • 3
  • Camilo Jaramillo
    • 3
  • Jean Paul Allain
    • 3
  1. 1.Nancy E. and Peter C. Meinig School of Biomedical EngineeringCornell UniversityIthacaUSA
  2. 2.Pritzker School of LawNorthwestern UniversityChicagoUSA
  3. 3.Ken and Mary Alice Lindquist Department of Nuclear EngineeringPennsylvania State UniversityState CollegeUSA

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