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Quark Matter in Neutron Stars

  • William M. SpinellaEmail author
  • Fridolin Weber
  • Gustavo A. Contrera
  • Milva G. Orsaria
Chapter
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Part of the FIAS Interdisciplinary Science Series book series (FIAS)

Abstract

The nonlocal three-flavor Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model is used to study quark deconfinement in the cores of neutron stars (NSs). The quark-hadron phase transition is modeled using both the Maxwell construction and the Gibbs construction. For the Maxwell construction, we find that all NSs with core densities beyond the phase transition density are unstable. Therefore, no quark matter cores would exist inside such NSs. The situation is drastically different if the phase transition is treated as a Gibbs transition, resulting in stable NSs whose stellar cores are a mixture of hadronic matter and deconfined quarks. The largest fractions of quarks achieved in the quark-hadron mixed phase are around 50%. No choice of parametrization or composition leads to a pure quark matter core. The inclusion of repulsive vector interactions among the quarks is crucial since the equation of state (EoS) in the quark-hadron mixed phase is significantly softer than that of the pure hadronic phase.

Notes

Acknowledgements

G.A.C. and M.G.O. thank CONICET and UNLP for financial support under Grants PIP 0714, G 140, G157, and X824. F.W. is supported by the National Science Foundation (USA) under Grants PHY-1411708 and PHY-1714068.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • William M. Spinella
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fridolin Weber
    • 2
    • 3
  • Gustavo A. Contrera
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
  • Milva G. Orsaria
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.School of Physical Sciences and TechnologiesIrvine Valley CollegeIrvineUSA
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsSan Diego State UniversitySan DiegoUSA
  3. 3.Center for Astrophysics and Space SciencesUniversity of California, San DiegoLa JollaUSA
  4. 4.Facultad de Ciencias ExactasIFLP, UNLP, CONICETLa PlataArgentina
  5. 5.Grupo de Gravitación, Astrofísica y Cosmología, Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y GeofísicasUniversidad Nacional de La PlataLa PlataArgentina
  6. 6.CONICETBuenos AiresArgentina

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