Numerical Analysis of Instabilities Affecting an Excavation on the High Speed Line in Northern Morocco

  • Ghizlane ArdouzEmail author
  • Khadija Baba
Conference paper
Part of the Sustainable Civil Infrastructures book series (SUCI)


The study presented in this paper deals with the numerical analysis by the finite element method of the behavior of an excavation, of the high speed line in the North of Morocco, which has undergone successive sliding after its excavation. With the Plaxis finite element software, and with the tracking paths stress and deformation of different points in the unstable mass, the development of the failure mechanism can be examined. The analysis of the stability of the massif allowed us to highlight the existence of potentially unstable zones.


  1. Boussaid, K.: Sols intermédiaire pour la modélisation physique: application aux fondations superficielles. In: Intermediate Soils for Physical Modeling: Application to Superficial Foundations: Central School of Nantes and University of Nantes (2005) Google Scholar
  2. Kouakou, N., Cuisinier, O., Masrouri, F., et al.: Mechanical behavior of heterogeneous granular soils with matrix. Journées Nationales de Géotechnique et de Géologie de l’Ingénieur – Champs-sur-Marne (2018)Google Scholar
  3. Dine, B.S.E., Dupla, J.C., Frank, R., et al.: Mechanical characterization of matrix coarse-grained soils with a large-sized triaxial device. Canadian Geotechn. J. 47(4), 425–438 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Jaboyedoff, M., Oppikofer, T., Derron, M.-H., et al.: Complex landslide behaviour and structural control: A threedimensional conceptual model of Åknes rockslide, Norway. Chapter in Geological Society London Special Publications, London (2011)Google Scholar
  5. Prime, N., Dufour, F., Darve, F.: Numerical modeling of landslides using a finite element method with lagrangian integration particules. National Days of Geotechnics and Geology of the Engineer JNGG2010 -Grenoble 7–9 juillet 2010 (2010)Google Scholar
  6. Prunier, F., Darve, F., Laouafa, F.: Modeling of landslides by a material instability criterion. In: 18th French Congress of Mechanics Grenoble, 27–31 août (2007)Google Scholar
  7. Lyesse, L., John, E., Alessio, F.: Landslide Analysis and Modeling. Technical bulletin of French-speaking Switzerland. August 18, 2010 (2010)Google Scholar
  8. Droniuc, N.: Finite element analysis of embankments in fine compacted soils. In: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Paris 2013 (2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LGCE Laboratory, High School of Technology-SaléMohammed V University in Rabat-MoroccoRabatMorocco

Personalised recommendations