Effect of Fines and Matric Suction on the Collapsibility of Sandy Soils

  • Mohamed A. AlassalEmail author
  • Asmaa M. HassanEmail author
  • Hussein H. ElmamloukEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Sustainable Civil Infrastructures book series (SUCI)


New geotechnical challenges are encountered due to construction of new urban communities in desert, among which is dealing with collapsible soil formations. Collapsible soils are metastable material, traditionally defined as an unsaturated soil that experiences a radical rearrangement of particles and significant reduction of volume upon wetting. In this study, an experimental program is conducted to investigate the influence of various parameters on the collapse of reconstituted sandy soils. The magnitude of collapse of ten sandy soils containing different types and percentages of fines is determined using the single oedometer Test. All these soils are prepared at 35% relative density. Then, the effect of related parameters including silt content (10%–50%), type of fines (silt/clay), initial water content (5%–15%), and wetting pressure (0–200 kPa) have been studied. Furthermore, the initial matric suction is determined using the ASTM filter paper method in order to study its effect on the soil collapsibility. Finally, Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) is used to visually examine the effect of fines on the collapse susceptibility of sandy soils.


  1. Alwail, T.A.: Mechanism and effect of fines on the collapse of compacted sandy soils. Doctoral dissertation, Washington State University, Washington (1990)Google Scholar
  2. American Society for Testing: Standard test method for measurement of soil potential (suction) using filter paper. 2003 Annual Book of ASTM Standards, vol. 04.08, D 5298-03. ASTM (2003)Google Scholar
  3. American Society for Testing: Standard test methods for measurement of collapse potentials of soils. 2000 Annual Book of ASTM Standards, vol. 04.08, pp. 343–345, D5333–03, ASTM, Philadelphia (2003)Google Scholar
  4. Ayadat, T., Hanna, A.: Prediction of collapse behaviour in soil. Revue Européenne de Génie Civil 11(5), 603–619 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Basma, A.A., Tuncer, E.R.. Evaluation and control of collapsible soils. J. Geotech. Eng. Div. 115(9), 1252–1267, 118, 1491–1504 (1992)Google Scholar
  6. Fredlund, D.G., Rahardgo, H.: Soil Mechanics for Unsaturated Soils. Wiley, New York (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Jefferson, I., et al.: The treatment of collapsible loess soils using cemented materials. GeoCongress 2008, 662–669 (2008)Google Scholar
  8. Kim, H., et al.: Calibration of Whatman grade 42 filter paper for soil suction measurement. Candian J. Soil Sci. 97(2), 93–98 (2016)Google Scholar
  9. Mitchell, J.K.: Fabric, structure, and property relationships. In: Fundamental of Soil Behavior, pp. 222–252. Wiley, New York (1976)Google Scholar
  10. Mossaad, E.M., et al.: A study on collapsing soils in Egypt. Internal Research (2008)Google Scholar
  11. Report, Academy for Scientific Research & Technology (ASRT), EgyptGoogle Scholar
  12. Ni, Q., et al.: Contribution of fines to the compressive strength of mixed soils. Geotechnique 54(9), 561–569 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Phanikumar, B.R., et al.: Collapse behaviour of lateritic soil. Int. J. Geotech. Eng. 11(2), 119–124 (2015)Google Scholar
  14. Rabbi, A.T., Cameron, D.A., Rahman M.M.: Role of matric suction on wetting induced collapse settlement of silty sand. In: Khalili, N., Russell, A., Khoshghalb, A. (eds.) Unsaturated Soils, Research & Applications, pp. 129–135 (2014)Google Scholar
  15. Ramos J., Valencia, Y.: Evaluation of soil matric suction, microstructure and its influence on collapsible behavior. In: Advances in Unsaturated Soils. Taylor & Francis Group, London (2013)Google Scholar
  16. Steadman, L.: Collapse settlement in compacted soils of variable fines content. Doctoral dissertation, Washington State University, Washington (1987)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cairo UniversityGizaEgypt

Personalised recommendations