Care of Girls with Turner Syndrome: Beyond Growth and Hormones

  • Angel Siu Ying Nip
  • Darcy King


Girls with Turner syndrome (TS) have been described as being at risk of moderate psychological and social difficulties, although there is a considerable variability and not all individuals have these difficulties. They often demonstrate a unique cognitive profile characterized by strength in verbal domains but weaknesses in visual-spatial and executive areas. Awareness of the psychological and psychosocial issues in TS is as important as the knowledge of medical treatments. In this chapter, we first reviewed the literature on the cognitive and psychosocial development and challenges of girls with TS and then introduced various age-appropriate diagnostics assessment and management recommendations. With this work, we aim to facilitate the integration of the important psychosocial care in treatment for girls with TS.


Psychosocial care Cognitive profile Development in Turner syndrome Psychosocial assessment in pediatrics Executive function 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angel Siu Ying Nip
    • 1
  • Darcy King
    • 1
  1. 1.University of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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