Orthopedic Manifestations in Turner Syndrome

  • Anna M. Acosta
  • Suzanne E. Steinman
  • Klane K. WhiteEmail author


Turner syndrome has been extensively reviewed in the medical literature, yet little has been discussed regarding the skeletal manifestations. It is important to be familiar with the clinical findings and comorbid conditions in Turner syndrome, as they may be the first line of diagnosis when a patient presents for short stature, scoliosis, or slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) and if unrecognized may result in significant morbidity.

Skeletal deformities including short stature, delayed skeletal maturation, angular deformity of the limbs, spinal deformity, and early-onset osteoporosis have been associated with Turner syndrome. This article will review the skeletal manifestations of Turner syndrome and propose guidelines for the treatment and monitoring of these patients.


Turner syndrome SHOX Skeletal deformity Brachymetacarpia Cubitus valgus Madelung Short stature Mesomelic growth Scoliosis Brachymetatarsia 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna M. Acosta
    • 1
  • Suzanne E. Steinman
    • 2
    • 3
  • Klane K. White
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Memorial Care and Miller Children’s and Women’s HospitalLong BeachUSA
  2. 2.Department of Orthopedics and Sports MedicineSeattle Children’s HospitalSeattleUSA
  3. 3.Department of Orthopaedics and Sports MedicineUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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