Lifetime Improvement for Hierarchical Routing with Distance and Energy Based Threshold

  • Remika NgangbamEmail author
  • Ashraf Hossain
  • Alok Shukla
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies book series (LNDECT, volume 38)


Hundreds or thousands of sensor nodes are used in the region of interest for observing and examining the regional environmental condition and are irreplaceable once it has been deployed. Much larger energy is spent by cluster head nodes for transmitting data directly to the destination node and lesser energy is required for computational activities and energy spent by group member nodes in a clustering protocol is also lesser comparing to that of head nodes. Efficient energy consumption for network lifetime extension can be accomplished with proper cluster head selection. This paper proposed an improved threshold condition with energy and distance parameters for electing cluster head and the simulated results indicate better overall lifetime performance than the conventional LEACH and some other LEACH related protocols for different network sizes and different density of nodes.


Distance Network lifetime Cluster head Stability Nodes 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyAizawlIndia
  2. 2.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologySilcharIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsNational Institute of TechnologyAizawlIndia

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