Enhanced Routing Protocol for Internet of Things Using Dynamic Minimum Rank Hysteresis Objective Function

  • C. TamizhselvanEmail author
  • V. VijayalakshmiEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies book series (LNDECT, volume 38)


Internet of Things (IoT) is a prominent development in wireless communication technology that encompasses different networks and applications to provide seamless service for end-user requests. The heterogeneous combination of the devices in the network requires optimal neighbor selection for request processing and data management. In this paper Dynamic Minimum Rank Hysteresis Objective Function (DMRHOF) is proposed to enhance the routing reliability between the devices in the IoT environment. This function relies on Rank, Received Signal Strength and Expected Transmission Count metrics of the devices for identifying the reliable routes to the service provider. This objective function is unanimous and operates over all the devices throughout the routing path. Neighbor selection relies on decision-making process of the objective function that is executed in a step-by-step manner for mitigating routing issues. This objective function-based routing method improves network packet delivery ratio and retains convergence time with less delay.


ETX IoT Objective function RSS Weight analysis 


  1. 1.
    Musaddiq, A., Zikria, Y.B., Hahm, O., Yu, H., Bashir, A.K., Kim, S.W.: A survey on resource management in IoT operating systems. IEEE Access 6, 8459–8482 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mubeen, S., Nikolaidis, P., Didic, A., Pei-Breivold, H., Sandström, K., Behnam, M.: Delay mitigation in offloaded cloud controllers in industrial IoT. IEEE Access 5, 4418–4430 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kumar, R.P., Smys, S.: A novel report on architecture, protocols and applications in Internet of Things (IoT). In: 2018 2nd International Conference on Inventive Systems and Control (ICISC), 19 January 2018, pp. 1156–1161. IEEE (2018)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mubeen, S., Asadollah, S.A., Papadopoulos, A.V., Ashjaei, M., Pei-Breivold, H., Behnam, M.: Management of service level agreements for cloud services in IoT: a systematic mapping study. IEEE Access 6, 30184–30207 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kumar, R.P., Smys, S.: Analysis of dynamic topology wireless sensor networks for the Internet of Things (IoT). Int. J. Innov. Eng. Technol. (IJIET) 8, 35–41 (2017)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Al-Fuqaha, A., Guizani, M., Mohammadi, M., Aledhari, M., Ayyash, M.: Internet of things: a survey on enabling technologies, protocols, and applications. IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutor. 17(4), 2347–2376 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yi, J., Clausen, T., Herberg, U.: Depth-first forwarding for unreliable networks: extensions and applications. IEEE Internet Things J. 2(3), 199–209 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Aijaz, A., Aghvami, A.H.: Cognitive machine-to-machine communications for Internet-of-Things: a protocol stack perspective. IEEE Internet Things J. 2(2), 103–112 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Machado, K., Rosário, D., Cerqueira, E., Loureiro, A., Neto, A., de Souza, J.: A routing protocol based on energy and link quality for internet of things applications. Sensors 13(2), 1942–1964 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Araújo, H., Rodrigues, J., Rabelo, R., Sousa, N., Sobral, J.: A proposal for IoT dynamic routes selection based on contextual information. Sensors 18(2), 353 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sobral, J., Rodrigues, J., Rabelo, R., Saleem, K., Furtado, V.: LOADng-IoT: an enhanced routing protocol for internet of things applications over low power networks. Sensors 19(1), 150 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Medeiros, V.N., Silvestre, B., Borges, V.C.: Multi-objective routing aware of mixed IoT traffic for low-cost wireless Backhauls. J. Internet Serv. Appl. 10(1), 9 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringPondicherry Engineering CollegePuducherryIndia

Personalised recommendations