Statistical Analysis for RAMAN Amplifier for 16 × 10 Gbps DWDM Transmission Systems Having Pre-compensating Fiber

  • Bhavesh AhujaEmail author
  • M. L. Meena
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies book series (LNDECT, volume 38)


Optical communication system have undoubtedly revolutionized the satellite communication system. Such networks have become popular not just because of the higher data rate performances but also because of the higher bandwidth allotment and comparatively less attenuation over the long-haul channels. In the proposed optical research the DWDM network with 16-channels is designed for communicating using the Raman Amplifier (RA). The amplifier was studied with a Compensation technique for a 84 km fiber link. The performance evaluated was studied on the basis of bit error rate (BER), Eye-opening, Q-factor (Quality factor).


Raman Amplifier Dense wavelength division multiplexing Eye-diagram BER Dispersion compensation fiber 


  1. 1.
    Parkash, S., Sharma, A., Singh, H., Singh, H.P.: Performance investigation of 40 Gb/s DWDM over free space optical communication system using RZ modulation format. Adv. Opt. Technol. 2016, Article ID 4217302, 8 p. (2016)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bobrovs, V., Olonkins, S., Alsevska, A., Gegere, L., Ivanovs, G.: Comparative performance of Raman-SOA and Raman-EDFA hybrid optical amplifiers in DWDM transmission systems. Int. J. Phys. Sci. 8(39), 1898–1906 (2013)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gnauck, A.H., Garrett, L.D., Danziger, Y., Levy, U., Tur, M.: Dispersion and dispersion-slope compensation of NZDSF over the entire C band using higher-order-mode fibre. Elect. Lett. 36, 1946–1947 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sumetsky, M., Eggleton, B.J.: Fiber Bragg gratings for dispersion compensation in optical communication systems. J. Opt. Fiber Commun. 2, 256–278 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Meena, M.L., Gupta, R.K.: Design and comparative performance evaluation of chirped FBG dispersion compensation with DCF technique for DWDM optical transmission systems. Optik-Int. J. Light Electron Opt. 188, 212–224 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Agrawal, G.P.: Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 3rd edn, p. 576. Wiley, New York. ISBN-13 9780471215714Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Srivastava, R., Singh, Y.N.: Fiber optic loop buffer switch incorporating 3R regeneration. J. Opt. Quantum Electron. 42(5), 297–311 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Islam, M.N.: Raman Amplifiers for Telecommunications 2: Sub-Systems and Systems, p. 432. Springer, New York (2004). ISBN-13: 9780387406565Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mustafa, F.M., Khalaf, A.A.M., Elgeldawy, F.A.: Multi-pumped Raman amplifier for long-haul UW-WDM optical communication systems: gain flatness and bandwidth enhancements. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology, Pyeong Chang, 27–30 January 2013, pp. 122–127 (2013)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Malik, D., Pahwa, K., Wason, A.: Performance optimization of SOA, EDFA, Raman and hybrid optical amplifiers in WDM network with reduced channel spacing of 50 GHz. Optik 127, 11131–11137 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kaur, R., Randhawa, R., Kaler, R.S.: Performance evaluation of optical amplifier for 16 × 10, 32 × 10 and 64 × 10 Gbps WDM system. Optik 124, 693–700 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Singh, S., Kaler, R.S., Singh, A.: Performance evaluation of EDFA, RAMAN and SOA optical amplifier for WDM systems. Optik 124, 95–101 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ElectronicsRajasthan Technical UniversityKotaIndia

Personalised recommendations