Advertisement

The Water that Passes Through Alcoa and Baça: The Hydraulic System of the Monastery of Alcobaça

  • João Alves PugaEmail author
Chapter
  • 19 Downloads
Part of the Trends in the History of Science book series (TRENDSHISTORYSCIENCE)

Abstract

This monastery, with its presence effectively defining the town of Alcobaça, provides an exemplary case of the Portuguese territorial layout, both in its balance and in the relationship between the genius loci that the local territory offers and the new, human-constructed landscape. Adopting water as the key natural resource, the monks of Alcobaça applied its use with wisdom and mastery in the most diverse fashions. Water not only becomes a frequent presence on the macro-agricultural scale of the Couto Alcobacense, but also appears in places of symbolic meaning, such as the cloister’s lavatorium. The members of the religious community were referred to as farmer-monks, also deriving from the core Benedictine principle of “Ora et Labora” that was in effect at this Cistercian monastery; furthermore, they applied the empirical knowledge of agronomic science and improved the techniques that would subsequently change the territories of their application.

References

  1. Arnold, Ellen F. 2007. “Engineering Miracles: Water Control, Conversion and the Creation of a Religious Landscape in the Medieval Ardennes”, Environment and History, Vol. 13 (4): 477–502.Google Scholar
  2. Beckford, William. 1835. Recollections of an Excursion to the Monasteries of Alcobaça and Batalha. London: Samuel Bentley.Google Scholar
  3. Caldas, Eugénio de Castro. 1998. A Agricultura na História de Portugal. Lisbon: Empresa de Publicações Nacionais, Lda.Google Scholar
  4. Giurgevich, Luane, & Leitão, Henrique. 2016. Clavis Bibliothecarum: Catatálogos e Inventários de Livrarias de Instituições Religiosas em Portugal até 1834. Lisbon, Secretariado para o Estudo dos Bens Culturais da Igreja. Google Scholar
  5. Gonçalves, Maria Beatriz. 1997. Os Monges de Alcobaça e a Política Agrária de D. Dinis. MA (History), Universidade Federal de Goiás.Google Scholar
  6. Gomes, Saúl António. 2000. In: Gouveia, António Camões, et al. (Series Ed.) História Religiosa de Portugal: Vol 2. Vivendo a Palavra de Deus: Escolas Conventuais. Lisboa: Círculo de Leitores.Google Scholar
  7. Kinsey, William Morgan. 1828. Portugal Illustrated. London: Treuttel, Würtz, and Richter.Google Scholar
  8. Korrodi, Ernesto. 1929. Monumentos de Portugal - Alcobaça. Porto: Litografia Nacional Google Scholar
  9. Macdougall, Elisabeth B. 1986. Medieval Gardens. Washington D.C: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Harvard University.Google Scholar
  10. Maduro, V. 2015. “A Construção da Paisagem Hidráulica no Antigo Couto Cisterciense de Alcobaça”, Cadernos de Estudos Leirienses, N.º4: 29–60.Google Scholar
  11. Maduro, V. et al. 2017. “O Ordenamento Hidráulico no Território Cisterciense de Alcobaça”, Riparia 3: 95–126.Google Scholar
  12. Martins, Ana Maria Tavares Ferreira. 2011. “Minimalismo Cisterciense: Del Cister del Siglo XII al Minimum del Siglo XXI”. In: Cobian, Esteban (Ed.), Proceedings of the Congreso Internacional de Arquitectura Religiosa Contemporánea, held in Ourense, Spain, 12–14 November 2009, p. 112–117.Google Scholar
  13. Martins, Pedro. 2015. A Evolução Morfológica e Funcional dos Coutos do Mosteiro de Alcobaça – Uma Experiência De Ensino. Internship report (History and Geography), Universidade de Coimbra.Google Scholar
  14. Natividade, Joaquim Vieira. 1922. Região de Alcobaça – Algumas notas para o estudo da sua agricultura, população e vida rural. Lisbon: author’s edition.Google Scholar
  15. Natividade, Idem. 1942. Os Monges Agrónomos do Mosteiro de Alcobaça. Leiria: Tipografia Alcobacense.Google Scholar
  16. Natividade, Idem. 1885. O Mosteiro de Alcobaça (Notas Históricas). Coimbra: Impressa Progresso.Google Scholar
  17. Rebelo, F., & Cunha, L. 1991. Relevo de Portugal. In: Enciclopédia temática de Geografia. Lisbon: Edições Portugal Moderno. pp. 13–27.Google Scholar
  18. Ribeiro, José Diogo. 1908. Memórias de Turquel. Porto: Typ. UniversalGoogle Scholar
  19. Smith, Norman. 1976. Man and Water: A History of Hydro-Technology. London: Peter Davies Limited.Google Scholar
  20. Souza, José Pedro Saldanha Oliveira de. 1929. Coutos de Alcobaça: as cartas de povoação. Subsídios para a História da Agricultura em Portugal. Lisboa: Tip. InglesaGoogle Scholar
  21. Tavares, Pedro. 2003. “Água e Património Construído”, Revista Pedra & Cal, N.º 18: 16–18.Google Scholar
  22. Tavares, J. Pedro Duarte. 2014. “William Elsden, O Mosteiro e Alcobaça”, Revista de Estudos Anglo-Portugueses, N.º 23: 203–250.Google Scholar
  23. Tomé, Mariana Martins. 2016. Study of the presence of the order of Cistercian in Portugal and its relevance to landscape architecture. MA (Landscape Architecture), Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade de Lisboa.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro Interuniversitário de História das Ciências e Tecnologia, Faculdade de CiênciasUniversidade de LisboaLisboaPortugal

Personalised recommendations