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Interaction of Engineered Nanomaterials with Soil Microbiome and Plants: Their Impact on Plant and Soil Health

  • Shams Tabrez Khan
Chapter
  • 23 Downloads
Part of the Sustainable Agriculture Reviews book series (SARV, volume 41)

Abstract

A large numbe of nanomaterials-based products are being commercially engineered and produced. Many of these engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) are disposed in soil in significant quantities. Furthermore, nanomaterials are being specially tailored for use in agriculture as nano-fertilizers, nano-pesticides, and nano-based biosensors. The behavior of ENMs in soil and their persistence depends on their chemical nature and soil characteristics. Furthermore, nanoparticles like silver and zinc oxide possess well-known antimicrobial activities. The presence and persistence of these nanomaterials in soil can alter the quality of the soil microbiome, thus influencing key microbial processes like mineralization, nitrogen fixation and plant growth promoting activities. It is, therefore, extremely important to understand how nanomaterials influence the soil microbiome and associated chemical and biochemical processes. Such investigations will provide necessary information for eventual regulation of the appropriate use of nanomaterials for sustainable agriculture and increased agricultural productivity. This chapter discusses some of these issues.

Keywords

ENMs Plant microbiome Soil microbiome 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shams Tabrez Khan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Faculty of Agricultural SciencesAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia

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