Application of Deep Learning Approaches in Igneous Rock Hyperspectral Imaging
Hyperspectral imaging has been applied in remote sensing amongst other disciplines, success in these has triggered its extensive use. Hence, it comes as no surprise that we took advantage of this technology by conducting a study aimed at the spectral analysis of several igneous rocks, and to deduce the spectral signatures of each rock unit using neural networks. Through visual observations and comparisons of these spectral signatures, parameters such as band curvature(shape), tilt(position) and strength were used for lithological discrimination. Even with this said, there often exists similarities in rocks, which are rather difficult to differentiate by means of visual or graphical analysis. However, with numerous technologies making new waves in today’s era and artificial intelligence (AI) being at the forefront of these developments, it was best fitting to employ deep learning, often referred to as a subset of AI; to train/learn from these hyperspectral signatures with a goal aimed at classifying these rocks. Deep learning has networks such as the convolution neural network (CNN), which has algorithms that excel in feature representation from visual imagery; taking into account that the more data is fed into the training process and later used as a database for further training, the higher the future prediction accuracy. Gathered outcomes from the CNN show exceptionally high prediction accuracy capabilities of 96%; suggesting viable field and laboratory usage of these systems as a unit for mining and rock engineering applications.