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Introduction: Harmonising, Institutionalising, Normalising: How the “Crisis” Became an Opportunity for Expanding Immigration Detention Regimes

  • Izabella Majcher
  • Michael Flynn
  • Mariette Grange
Chapter
  • 21 Downloads
Part of the European Studies of Population book series (ESPO, volume 22)

Abstract

In early 2015, on the eve of Europe’s “refugee crisis,” a clear trend was emerging across much of the European Union (EU) showing reductions in the use of immigration detention measures. The “crisis” dramatically altered this trend. Seemingly overnight, numerous EU countries began reporting substantial increases in their detention statistics. In many countries, detention numbers remained higher than pre-crisis levels long after the “crisis” had subsided. These increases were enabled by important developments in EU legislation and policy, some of which predate the “crisis,” while others have been spurred and shaped by it. Although EU countries experienced the migration challenges during this time in many different ways, there has nevertheless been a clear convergence across EU domestic systems when it comes to immigration detention. This process appears to have led to a trivialisation and normalisation of the use of detention, which has become a convenient off-the-shelf measure that states employ without careful consideration of its ramifications or usefulness

Keywords

Immigration detention EU migration and asylum policies Deportation and removal Asylum seekers Arbitrary detention 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Izabella Majcher
    • 1
  • Michael Flynn
    • 1
  • Mariette Grange
    • 1
  1. 1.Global Detention ProjectGenevaSwitzerland

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