The Safety of Patients in Critical Care

  • María Cruz Martín Delgado


Patient safety has become a priority of all healthcare systems. Global policies have been implemented to reduce the number of incidents related to patient safety. There are still many patients who suffer damages derived from healthcare interventions. The impact of such events extends not only to family members but also to the professionals themselves and to health institutions creating a significant economic burden. Most studies have been directed to the epidemiology of adverse events (AEs), an intent to analyze their causes and their consequences. Many safe practices have been promoted to reduce these risk events. Recently, aspects related to post-AE performance have become more relevant. Risk management involves, among other actions, the identification, notification, and analysis of the AE that point out potential failures in the system and the root cause with the ultimate goal of establishing improvement actions and avoiding their recurrence. Gradually these strategies have been incorporated into institutional policies, thereby improving the culture of safety. However, there are still parts of the process that require research and development such as disclosing AE to patients and families and supporting professionals after being involved in an AE.


Patient safety Intensive care medicine, Critical care, Second victims Open disclosure Adverse events, Information 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • María Cruz Martín Delgado
    • 1
  1. 1.University Hospital of TorrejónUniversidad Francisco de VitoriaMadridSpain

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