Advertisement

Optimization of MAPbI3 Film Using Response Surface Methodology for Enhancement in Photovoltaic Performance

  • Nitu Kumari
  • Sanjaykumar R. Patel
  • Jignasa V. GohelEmail author
Chapter
  • 71 Downloads
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

In the present study, optimization of process parameters for the deposition of methylamine lead iodide (CH3NH3PbI3 or MAPbI3) film is focus upon using parametric study and response surface methodology (RSM), respectively. The independent parameters to be optimized are PbI2:CH3NH3I ratio (1:2–1:4); spin speed (2000–3000 rpm); and annealing temperature (60–100 °C). The dependent parameter considered in this study is power conversion efficiency (PCE) of perovskite solar cell (PSC) fabricated using MAPbI3 layer. The value of the device efficiency at parametric optimum condition was 7.30%. Furthermore, to achieve specific optimum condition, RSM was applied to estimate the impact of deposition parameters on device efficiency. The predicted value of the PCE of PSC at optimum condition using RSM was 8.52%. The improvement of 16.7% in efficiency of the device can be clearly observed after the application of RSM.

Keywords

MAPbI3 perovskite Response surface methodology Spin coating Perovskite solar cell Power conversion efficiency 

References

  1. Biira S, Crouse PL, Bissett H, Alawad BAB, Hlatshwayo TT, Nel JT, Malherbe JB (2017) Optimisation of the synthesis of ZrC coatings in a radio frequency induction-heating chemical vapour deposition system using response surface methodology. Thin Solid Films 624:61–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chen Y, Wu W, Ma R, Wang C (2019) Perovskites fabricated with volatile anti-solvents for more efficient solar cells. J Mol Struct 1175:632–637CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dualeh N, Tetreault T, Moehl P, Ga MK, Nazeeruddin M (2014) Gratzel, effect of annealing temperature on film morphology of organic-inorganic hybrid pervoskite solid-state solar cells. Adv Funct Mater 24:3250–3258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Jambo SA, Abdulla R, Marbawi H, Gansau JA (2019) Response surface optimization of bioethanol production from third generation feedstock - eucheuma cottonii. Renew Energy 132:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Jeon NJ, Na H, Jung EH, Yang TY, Lee YG, Kim G, Shin HW, Seok S, Lee J, Seo J (2018) A fluorene-terminated hole-transporting material for highly efficient and stable perovskite solar cells. Nat Energy 3:682–689CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kumari N, Patel SR, Gohel JV (2018a) Enhanced stability and efficiency of Sn containing perovskite solar cell with SnCl2 and SnI2 precursors. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 29:18144–18150Google Scholar
  7. Kojima A, Teshima K, Shirai Y, Miyasaka T (2009) Organometal halide perovskites as visible-light sensitizers for photovoltaic. JACS Commun 131:6050–6051CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kumari N, Patel SR, Gohel JV (2018b) Current progress and future prospective of perovskite solar cells: a comprehensive review. Rev Adv Mater Sci 53:161–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kim HS, Mora-Sero I, Gonzalez-Pedro V, Francisco FS, Emilio JJP, Park NG, Bisquert J (2013) Mechanism of carrier accumulation in perovskite thin-absorber solar cells. Nat Commun 4:1–7Google Scholar
  10. Kumari N, Gohel JV, Patel SR (2017) Multi-response optimization of ZnO thin films using Grey-Taguchi technique and development of a model using ANN. Optik 144:422–435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kumari N, Patel SR, Gohel JV (2018c) Optical and structural properties of ZnO thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis for enhanced efficiency perovskite solar cell application. Opt Quant Electron 50:180–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kumari N, Gohel JV, Patel SR (2018d) Optimization of TiO2/ZnO bilayer electron transport layer to enhance efficiency of perovskite solar cell. Mater Sci Semicond Process 75:149–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kumari N, Patel SR, Gohel JV (2019) Superior efficiency achievement for FAPbI3-perovskite thin film solar cell by optimization with response surface methodology technique and partial replacement of Pb by Sn. Optik 176:262–277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lina L, Jianga L, Li P, Fan B, Qiu Y, Yan F (2019) Simulation of optimum band structure of HTM-free perovskite solar cells based on ZnO electron transporting layer. Mater Sci Semicond Process 90:1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lee K, Hsiung S, Wang K, Chang CM, Cheng HM, Kei CC, Tseng ZL, Wu CG (2015) Thickness effects of ZnO thin film on the performance of tri-iodide perovskite absorber based photovoltaics. Sol Energy 120:117–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Nagane S, Bansode U, Game O, Chhatre S, Ogale SB (2014) CH3NH3PbI(3–x)(BF4)x: molecular ion substituted hybrid perovskite. Chem Commun 50:9741–9744CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Noh MFM, Arzaee NA, Safaei J, Mohamed NA, Kim HP, Yusoff ARM, Jang J, Teridi MAM (2019) Eliminating oxygen vacancies in SnO2 films via aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposition for perovskite solar cells and photoelectrochemical cells. J Alloy Compd 773:997–1008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Rehman F, Mahmood K, Khalid A, Zafar MS, Hameed M (2019) Solution-processed barium hydroxide modified boron-doped ZnO bilayer electron transporting materials: toward stable perovskite solar cells with high efficiency of over 20.5%. J Colloid Interface Sci 535:353–362Google Scholar
  19. Seo YH, Bang SM, Lim B, Na SI (2019) Efficient planar perovskite solar cells with a conjugated random terpolymer as a novel hole-transporting material. Dyes Pigm 160:930–935CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Wang H, Zeng W, Xia R (2018) Antisolvent diethyl ether as additive to enhance the performance of perovskite solar cells. Thin Solid Films 663:9–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Xie H, Liu X, Lyu L, Niu D, Wang Q, Huang J, Gao Y (2016) Effects of precursor ratios and annealing on electronic structure and surface composition of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite films. J Phys Chem C 120:215–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Xie H, Yin X, Liu J, Guo Y, Chen P, Que W, Wang G, Gao B (2019) Low temperature solution-derived TiO2-SnO2 bilayered electron transport layer for high performance perovskite solar cells. Appl Surf Sci 454:700–707CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Yang L, Wang X, Mai X, Wang T, Wang C, Li X, Murugadoss V, Shao Q, Angaiah S, Guo Z (2019) constructing efficient mixed-ion perovskite solar cells based on TiO2 nanorod array. J Colloid Interface Sci 534:459–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Zhang ZL, Men BQ, Liu YF, Gao HP, Mao YL (2017) Effects of precursor solution composition on the performance and I-V hysteresis of perovskite solar cells based on CH3NH3PbI3-xClx. Nanoscale Res Lett 12:4–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Zhang W, Zhang X, Wu T, Sun W, Wu J, Lan Z (2019) Interface engineering with NiO nanocrystals for highly efficient and stable planar perovskite solar cells. Electrochim Acta 293:211–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nitu Kumari
    • 1
  • Sanjaykumar R. Patel
    • 1
  • Jignasa V. Gohel
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringSardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of TechnologySuratIndia

Personalised recommendations