Interaction of Nanoparticles with Reservoir Fluids and Rocks for Enhanced Oil Recovery

  • Uma Sankar Behera
  • Jitendra S. SangwaiEmail author
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


Nanotechnology is a common word used by academia which is referred to the applied nanoscience conducted at nanoscale (1–100 nm) for variety of industrial applications. Application of nanotechnology in various fields is increasing extensively resulting in an enormous amount of publications in the distinct field. Nanoparticles (NPs) possess unique properties due to their larger surface area which leads to prolong application in multifold. Researchers working in enhanced oil recovery (EOR) areas are trying to get rid of challenges faced by the oil and gas companies for crude oil production. This chapter, therefore, focuses on work carried out by the researchers on chemical and rarely on thermal, gas injection, and biological EOR methods using NPs. Chemical enhanced oil is recovery (CEOR) methods taken into consideration due to their popularity in oilfields than the other existing methods. Viscosity, interfacial tension (IFT), and wettability are the major influencing factors for EOR. The authors intend to make the reader understand the pore-scale mechanism behind the enhanced oil recovery in the presence of NPs. In the early stage of enhanced oil recovery, it is essential to understand the properties of various NPs. Literature review reveals that properties of NPs mostly depend on methods they are prepared. Hence, at the beginning of the chapter, the types of NPs, preparation, and their characterization are explained briefly with the application of various nanoparticles in CEOR. Limitation of NPs application in chemical EOR area is spelled out clearly with the recommendation at the end.


Enhance oil recovery Interfacial tension Nanoparticles Nanotechnology Wettability 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Gas Hydrate and Flow Assurance Laboratory, Petroleum Engineering Program, Department of Ocean EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology MadrasChennaiIndia

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