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Nanostructured Carbon-Based Materials for Adsorption of Organic Contaminants from Water

  • Roosevelt D. S. Bezerra
  • Paulo R. S. Teixeira
  • Edson C. da Silva-Filho
  • Anderson O. Lobo
  • Bartolomeu C. VianaEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Engineering Materials book series (ENG.MAT.)

Abstract

Graphene is currently one of the most promising carbon-based materials being studied in the world due to its novel electronic, thermal and optical properties. Nowadays, graphene can be considered the basis for the whole family of carbon nanomaterials, except for diamond structure. Because of that, several methods of graphene production have been studied; however, such methods need to be improved and the scaling is still a bottleneck for the productive sector. This article presents the main way to produce graphene and some techniques to modify its surface. In addition, here we present a review about graphene and its derivatives in the adsorption from the aqueous medium of the most diverse types of organic contaminants in the environment, such as pharmaceuticals, dyes, surfactants, pesticides, etc. We have shown that graphene and its derivatives are efficient adsorbents for the removal of emerging organic pollutants from the environment.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roosevelt D. S. Bezerra
    • 1
  • Paulo R. S. Teixeira
    • 2
  • Edson C. da Silva-Filho
    • 3
  • Anderson O. Lobo
    • 3
  • Bartolomeu C. Viana
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Federal Institute of Piauí, Teresina-Central Campus, IFPITeresinaBrazil
  2. 2.Federal Institute of Piauí, Teresina-Zona Sul Campus, IFPITeresinaBrazil
  3. 3.Interdisciplinary Laboratory for Advanced Materials (LIMAv)Federal University of PiauiTeresinaBrazil
  4. 4.Materials Physics Laboratory (FisMat), Department of PhysicsFederal University of PiauiTeresinaBrazil

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