Attributes in Community and National News Coverage of the Parkland Mass Shootings
- 6 Downloads
This chapter examines news coverage of the 2018 shootings at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida. The shootings were unique for several reasons, in particular that several survivors became well known, even controversial activists following the event. News coverage in the 45 days following the shootings in newspapers from communities surrounding Parkland (Broward-Palm Beach New Times, Miami New Times, Sun-Sentinel, Miami Herald) and in national-level newspapers (New York Times, USA Today) was compared in regards to how the shootings’ salience, news coverage attributes, and shooter and victims/survivors were presented to news audiences. Results indicate that news coverage of the Parkland shootings was unlike coverage of previous shootings, both from utilizing the future level of time (rather than present) and the individual level of space (as opposed to the more commonly used societal) and by extending past the 30-day lifespan normally afforded to coverage of mass shootings.
- Alanez, T., Fleshler, D., Hobbs, S., Huriash, L. J., McMahon, P., O’Matz, M., & Travis, S. (2018, December 28). Unprepared and overwhelmed: Two decades after Columbine and five years after Sandy Hook, educators and police still weren’t ready for Parkland. Sun Sentinel. Retrieved from https://projects.sun-sentinel.com/2018/sfl-parkland-school-shooting-critical-moments/.
- Alanez, T., McMahon, P., & Geggis, A. (2018, June 1). “That’s Crazy Boy.” School watchman recognized but didn’t stop shooter before Parkland massacre. The Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved from https://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/crime/fl-florida-school-shooting-campus-monitor-20180619-htmlstory.html.
- Brezenski, T. F. (2018). Inside the 23rd Congressional District (FL) Gun Violence Task Force: Real-time crisis policymaking in the wake of the Marjory Stoneman Douglas school shootings. Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 10(1/2), 35–49.Google Scholar
- Cassidy, W. P., La France, B. H., & Babin, S. (2018). Routine adjustments: How journalists framed the Charleston shootings. International Journal of Communication, 12, 4669–4688.Google Scholar
- Ebbs, S. (2018, February 15). Survivors of Florida high school shooting call for action on gun control. The Washington Post. Retrieved from https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/survivors-florida-high-school-shooting-call-action-gun/story?id=53111278.
- Goldman, A., & Mezzei, P. (2018, February 15). YouTube comment seen as early warning in shooting left little for F.B.I. to investigate. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/15/us/politics/nikolas-cruz-youtube-comment-fbi.html.
- Gurney, K., Vassolo, M., Madan, M. O., & Smiley, D. (2018, February 18). How teachers and students became first responders—And heroes—In school shooting. The Miami Herald. Retrieved from https://www.miamiherald.com/news/local/community/broward/article200597734.html.
- Haider-Markel, D. P., & Joslyn, M. R. (2001). Gun policy, opinion, tragedy, and blame attribution: The conditional influence of issue frames. Journal of Politics, 63(2), 520–543. https://doi.org/10.1111/0022-3816.00077
- Hayes, C. (2018, February 17). Emma Gonzalez survived the Florida shooting. Now she’s taking on Trump and the NRA. USA Today. Retrieved from https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2018/02/17/student-emma-gonzalez-school-shooting-gives-passionate-speech-against-g/348357002/.
- Hayes, C., & Perez, M. (2018, February 22). ‘It’s devastating’: Cop stayed outside during Florida massacre while students died. USA Today. Retrieved from https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2018/02/22/officer-florida-high-school-shooting-sat-outside-gunfire-sounding-he-should-have-stopped/365122002/.
- Iyengar, S. (1991). Is anyone responsible? How television frames political issues. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. https://doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226388533.001.0001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kennedy, K. (2018, February 15). Here’s what we know about Nikolas Cruz, the Florida school shooting suspect. The Boston Globe. Retrieved from https://www.boston.com/news/national-news/2018/02/14/nikolas-cruz-parkland-florida-school-shooting-suspect.
- Lopez, G. (2018, March 26). It’s official: March for our lives was one of the biggest youth protests since the Vietnam War. Vox. Retrieved from https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2018/3/26/17160646/march-for-our-lives-crowd-size-count.
- McCluskey, M. (2017). News framing of school shootings: Journalism and American social problems. Lanham, MD: Lexington.Google Scholar
- Murphy, P. P. (2018, February 18). Exclusive: Group chat messages show school shooter obsessed with race, violence and guns. CNN. Retrieved from https://edition.cnn.com/2018/02/16/us/exclusive-school-shooter-instagram-group/index.html.
- Newman, K. (2004). Rampage: The social roots of school shootings. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
- Reilly, K. (2018, February 15). The location of the Florida high school shooting was recently named the safest city in the state. Time. Retrieved from http://time.com/5159277/parkland-florida-high-school-shooting-safest-city/.
- Rossman, S. (2018, May 18). Parkland students said, ‘We will be the last mass shooting.’ Now, they grieve with Texas. USA Today. Retrieved from https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation-now/2018/05/18/texas-school-shooting-parkland-students-now-grieve-santa-fe-texas/623265002/.
- Rozsa, L., Berman, M., & Merle, R. (2018, February 18). Accused South Florida school shooter confessed to rampage that killed 17 people, police say. The Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/post-nation/wp/2018/02/15/florida-school-shooting-suspect-booked-on-17-counts-of-murder-premeditated/.
- Schildkraut, J. (2012). Media and massacre: A comparative analysis of the reporting of the 2007 Virginia Tech shootings. Fast Capitalism. Retrieved from http://www.uta.edu/huma/agger/fastcapitalism/9_1/schildkraut9_1.html.
- Schildkraut, J., & Muschert, G. W. (2013). Violent media, guns, and mental illness: The three ring circus of causal factors for school massacres, as related in media discourse. Fast Capitalism. Retrieved from http://www.uta.edu/huma/agger/fastcapitalism/10_1/schildkraut10_1.html.
- Schildkraut, J., & Muschert, G. W. (2019). Columbine, 20 years later and beyond: Lessons from tragedy. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.Google Scholar
- Swisher, S., & McMahon, P. (2018, February 15). Nikolas Cruz passed background check, including mental health question, to get AR-15 rifle. The Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved from https://www.sun-sentinel.com/local/broward/parkland/florida-school-shooting/fl-florida-school-shooting-guns-20180215-story.html.
- Wamsley, L. (2018, February 26). Broward sheriff under scrutiny for handling of Parkland shooting. NPR: The Two-Way. Retrieved from https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/02/26/588900401/broward-sheriff-under-scrutiny-for-handling-of-parkland-shooting.
- Witt, E. (2018, February 19). How the survivors of Parkland began the never again movement. The New Yorker. Retrieved from https://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/how-the-survivors-of-parkland-began-the-never-again-movement.