CarbonFree – A Multi-platform Application for Low Carbon Education

  • Han Xin Hui
  • Noraini IbrahimEmail author
  • Fatin Aliah Phang
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1073)


Malaysia had experienced a warming trend for the past decades. The main contributor of this problem is carbon emissions which caused climate change. Despite the magnitude of the problem, the level of Low Carbon Society (LCS) awareness among Malaysia citizens is unsatisfied. Due to this situation, CarbonFree, a multi-platform application for low carbon education is proposed to curb this severe issue. CarbonFree is inspired by the program of Iskandar Malaysia Eco-Life Challenge (IMELC). Therefore, users can complete the program workbook through CarbonFree. Users are also able to retrieve LCS knowledge from the application. From the perspective of development of CarbonFree, the methodology used is Rational Unified Process (RUP), which including inception, elaboration, construction and transition stages. Furthermore, design and testing of CarbonFree is explained in Software Requirement Specification (SRS), Software Design Document (SDD) and Software Testing Document (STD) accordingly. Based on the user Acceptance Testing that conducted during testing phase, most of the participants agreed that CarbonFree is able to raise LCS awareness among students, teachers and their families as well as to promote knowledge and practice of LCS by providing information to students, teachers and their families which mean that the main purpose of this project is achieved.


Global warming Reduce carbon emission Low Carbon Society (LCS) Learning application Multi-platform 



This study is partially funded by the Ministry of Education Malaysia’s Research University Grant (RUG) and High Impact Grant (HIG) of Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) under Cost Centre No. R.J130000.7728.4J237 & Q.J130000.2451.04G70. In particular, the authors wish to thank especially the involving school teachers, UTM project managers, Iskandar Regional Development Authority (IRDA) officers for their involvement during requirements elicitation activities and survey for the development of CarbonFree application.


  1. 1.
    Lee, C.T., Klemeš, J.J., Hashim, H., Ho, C.S.: Mobilising the potential towards low-carbon emissions society in Asia. Clean Technol. Environ. Policy 18(8), 2337–2345 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Phang, F.A., Wong, W.Y., Ho, C.S., Musa, A.N.: Achieving low carbon society through primary school ecolife challenge in Iskandar Malaysia. Chem. Eng. Trans. 56, 415–420 (2017)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Agamuthu, P., Fauziah, S.H.: Challenges and issues in moving towards sustainable land filling in a transitory country-Malaysia. Waste Manag. Res. 29(1), 13–19 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kili, K.A.: Johor targets to reduce carbon emission by 50% in 2025. The star, 3 November 2016.
  5. 5.
    Shimada, K., Tanaka, Y., Gomi, K., Matsuoka, Y.: Developing a long-term local society design methodology towards a low-carbon economy: an application to Shiga Prefecture in Japan. Energy Policy 35(9), 4688–4703 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Phang, F.A., Wong, W.Y., Ho, C.S., Fujino, J., Musa, A.N., Suda, M.: Iskandar Malaysia ecolife challenge: low carbon education for teachers and students. Clean Technol. Environ. Policy 18(8), 2525–2532 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Takahashi, K., Sato, M., Hijioka, Y.: Trends and issues of climate change education in Japan. In: Implementing Climate Change Adaptation in Cities and Communities, pp. 303–320. Springer, Cham (2016)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Phang, F.A., Wong, W.Y., Tee, X.R., Musa, A.N.: Fostering higher order thinking skills among primary students through Iskandar Malaysia ecolife challenge. Man India 97(17), 1–14 (2017)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gonsalves, M.: Evaluating the mobile development frameworks apache cordova and flutter and their impact on the development process and application characteristics (2019)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chen, M.H.M., Tsai, S.T., Chang, C.C.: Effects of game-based instruction on the results of primary school children taking a natural science course. Educ. Sci. 9(2), 79 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Phang, F.A., Pusppanathan, J., Musa, N.A., Baharom, M.M., Rahman, N.F.A., Arsat, M., Nawi, N.D.: Framework to develop low carbon society among school community. Int. J. Recent Technol. Eng. 7(6S5), 773–776 (2019)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Han Xin Hui
    • 1
  • Noraini Ibrahim
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Fatin Aliah Phang
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Computing, Faculty of EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaSkudaiMalaysia
  2. 2.Centre for Engineering EducationUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaSkudaiMalaysia

Personalised recommendations