Advertisement

Claustrophobic in the Gaps of Others: Affective Investments from the Queer Margins

  • Golan Moskowitz
Chapter
  • 46 Downloads

Abstract

The following essay examines creative responses to tropes of (e)strange(d) affect by marginal individuals within post-Holocaust families. Experiences of emotional displacement, strain, and isolation in relation to family ties and historical trauma reverberate with experiences of contemporary social alienation and subjugation, as well as offer generative pathways for cross-connections and for the preservation of culturally salient Holocaust memory. I situate several queer responses to Holocaust memory in relation to sociological discourse about the increasingly individual and familial character of non-Orthodox Judaism in the twenty-first century, arguing that these perspectives offer routes for maintaining affective legacies of Jewish identity in secular individualist contexts. These examples include Jill Soloway’s Transparent (2014–2019), my own not-yet-published graphic narrative “Part Hole” (2009), a performance by drag artist Mini Horrorwitz (2017), and oral histories collected from grandchildren of survivors in 2011–2012. Contemporary queer perspectives, through their estranged and creative relationships with normative time and social bonds, emphasize embodied, affective investments in family memory and in those narratives at risk of disappearing.

Bibliography

  1. Altınay, Ayşe Gül, and Andrea Pető. “Gender, Memory and Connective Genocide Scholarship: A Conversation with Marianne Hirsch.” European Journal of Women’s Studies 22, no. 4 (2015): 386–396.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson, Mark M. “The Child Victim as Witness to the Holocaust: An American Story?” Jewish Social Studies 14, no. 1 (2007): 1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bar-On, Dan. Fear and Hope: Three Generations of the Holocaust. Cambridge and London: Harvard University Press, 1995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cohen, Steven M., and Arnold M. Eisen. “The Sovereign Self: Jewish Identity in Post-modern America.” JCPA.org., 2001. http://jcpa.org/jl/vp453.htm.
  5. “Dear Diary.” Performed by Britney Spears. Written by Jason Blume and Eugene Wilde. …Baby One More Time. Jive Records, 1999.Google Scholar
  6. Dreifus, Erika. “Ever After? History, Healing, and ‘Holocaust Fiction’ in the Third Generation.” Paper presented at “Beyond Camps and Forced Labour” conference at the Imperial War Museum, London, January 29–31, 2003. www.erikadreifus.com/wp/wp-content/…/08/DreifusEverAfter.pdf. Accessed 1 December 2012.
  7. Epstein, Helen. Children of the Holocaust. New York: Penguin Books, 1979.Google Scholar
  8. Greenspan, Henry. “Imagining Survivors: Testimony and the Rise of Holocaust Consciousness.” In The Americanization of the Holocaust, edited by Hilene Flanzbaum, 45–67. Baltimore and London: The John Hopkins University Press, 1999.Google Scholar
  9. Grossman, David. Writing in the Dark. Translated by Jessica Cohen. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2008.Google Scholar
  10. Helmreich, William B. Against All Odds: Holocaust Survivors and the Successful Lives They Made in America. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992.Google Scholar
  11. Hungerford, Amy. “Surviving Rego Park: Holocaust Theory from Art Spiegelman to Berel Lang.” In The Americanization of the Holocaust, edited by Hilene Flanzbaum, 102–124. Baltimore and London: The John Hopkins University Press, 1999.Google Scholar
  12. Inglorious Basterds. Directed by Quentin Tarantino. Perf. Brad Pitt. The Weinstein Co. and Universal Pictures, 2009.Google Scholar
  13. Kaufman, Debra. “The Circularity of Secularity: The Sacred and the Secular in Some Contemporary Post-Holocaust Identity Narratives.” Contemporary Jewry 30 (2010): 119–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kogan, Ilany. The Cry of Mute Children: A Psychoanalytic Perspective of the Second Generation of the Holocaust. London: Free Association Books, 1995.Google Scholar
  15. Lebovic, Matt. “Author Examines Holocaust Trauma in a New Generation.” The Times of Israel, February 27, 2013. http://www.timesofisrael.com/author-examines-holocaust-trauma-in-a-new-generation/.
  16. Moskowitz, Golan. “Grandsons Who Remember: Intersections of Holocaust Heritage and Contemporary Male Positioning.” MA thesis, Brandeis University, 2012.Google Scholar
  17. “Overprotected.” Performed by Britney Spears. Written by Rami Yacoub and Max Martin. Britney. Jive Records, 2001.Google Scholar
  18. Pucciarelli, Alexandra. “4 Jewish Drag Queens You Need to Know.” Alma. https://www.heyalma.com/4-jewish-drag-queens-need-know/.
  19. Rich, Adrienne. “Split at the Root: An Essay on Jewish Identity” (1982). In The Beacon Book of Essays by Contemporary American Women, edited by Wendy Martin, 134–151. Boston: Beacon Press, 1996.Google Scholar
  20. Rose, Jacqueline. Mothers: An Essay on Love and Cruelty. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2018.Google Scholar
  21. Russell, A. “Late Psychosocial Consequences in Concentration Camp Survivor Families.” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 44, no. 4 (1974): 611–619.Google Scholar
  22. Sarna, Jonathan D. American Judaism: A History. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2004.Google Scholar
  23. Shmotkin, D., A. Shrira, S. C. Goldberg, and Y. Palgi. “Resilience and Vulnerability Among Aging Holocaust Survivors and Their Families: An Intergenerational Overview.” Journal of Intergenerational Relationships 9 (2011): 7–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Spiegelman, Art. Breakdowns: Portrait of the Artist as a Young %@?*! New York: Pantheon, 2008.Google Scholar
  25. ———. Maus. New York: Pantheon, 1986.Google Scholar
  26. Stein, Arlene. “Feminism, Therapeutic Culture, and the Holocaust in the United States: The Second-Generation Phenomenon.” Jewish Social Studies: History, Culture, Society 16, no. 1 (2009): 27–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Tauber, Ingrid Diane. “Second-Generation Effects of the Nazi Holocaust: A Psychosocial Study of a Nonclinical Sample in North America.” PhD diss., California School of Professional Psychology, 1980.Google Scholar
  28. Transparent. Created and produced by Jill Soloway. Perf. Jeffrey Tambor, Gaby Hoffmann, et al. Topple, Picrow, and Amazon Studios. Distributed by Sony Pictures Television, 2014–2019.Google Scholar
  29. Wardi, Dina. Memorial Candles: Children of the Holocaust. London: Routledge, 1992.Google Scholar
  30. Wiseman, H., J. P. Barber, A. Raz, I. Yam, C. Foltz, and S. Livne-Snir. “Parental Communication of Holocaust Experiences and Interpersonal Patterns in Offspring of Holocaust Survivors.” International Journal of Behavioral Development 26, no. 4 (2002): 371–381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Youtube. “Bushwig 2017 (SAT)—Mini Horrorwitz.” Filmed September 23, 2017 at Bushwig, Brooklyn, NY. Video, 4:47. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cZBT_K-6GtE&feature=youtu.be.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Golan Moskowitz
    • 1
  1. 1.University of TorontoTorontoCanada

Personalised recommendations