Co-occurring Medical Disorders
- 38 Downloads
Substance use can lead to significant medical consequences. Development of these associated diagnoses can be common or rare, and they can vary depending on substance used, frequency, duration, and individual vulnerability. This chapter is organized by substance class and affected organ systems that can vary by substance. These complications may be transient and resolve with substance cessation but can also be irreversible. Prognosis may not be dose-dependent. Some risks are associated with route of administration, independent of substance. Additionally, maternal-fetal risks are possible with complications ranging from low birth weight to fetal demise. By systematically reviewing physical effects of substance use, this structured framework will assist busy clinicians with patient care considerations.
KeywordsSubstance use Medical complications Side effects Consequences Physical
- 17.Keefer L, Drossman DA, Guthrie E, et al. Centrally mediated disorders of gastrointestinal pain. Gastroenterology. 2016.Google Scholar