On the Measurement of Velocity Field Within Wall-Film During Droplet Impact on It Using High-Speed Micro-PIV
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The relationship between ‘microscopic’ velocity field and ‘macroscopic’ outcomes of liquid droplet impact on wall-films is not yet fully understood. This article reports a preliminary experimental investigation to measure the velocity field within wall-film when a droplet impacts on it, using micro-Particle Image Velocimetry (μ-PIV). The challenges associated with measuring the velocity field within the wall-film are outlined. In this context, the limitations of the traditional μ-PIV technique are discussed, leading to the adoption of high-speed μ-PIV as the suitable technique for measuring the spatio-temporal evolution of velocity within wall-film. The salient features of the high-speed μ-PIV set-up are discussed. Further, results from preliminary experimental investigations on water droplet impacting on water wall-film at moderate impact velocities are presented. It is seen that the current high-speed μ-PIV set-up can be used to obtain reliable measurements of in-plane radial velocity, V, at ‘intermediate’ values of radial, r, and temporal, t, coordinates. Within the measurement range of the current set-up, it is observed that V scales with r and t as V ∝ r/t, which is similar to that reported in literature based on analytical considerations. The limitations of the current set-up, and the requirements for further experiments and validation are highlighted.
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the Deutsche Forschungs-gemeinschaft (DFG) within the framework of the international research training group “Droplet Interaction Technologies”—DROPIT (GRK2160/1).
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