• Reinhard GotzheinEmail author
Part of the Computer Communications and Networks book series (CCN)


This chapter establishes the context and scope of this book and gives a survey of its topics. We discuss the notion of real-time system, address control systems as an important application area, identify technological challenges of using wireless communication technologies, and briefly survey the state-of-the-practice.


Chair for Networked Systems

  1. 1.
    Gotzhein R (2014) ProNet 4.0—a wireless real-time communication system for Industry 4.0. White Paper, Networked Systems Group, Department of Computer Science, University of Kaiserslautern. Last Accessed 27 Aug 2019
  2. 2.
    Gotzhein R, Kuhn T (2008) Decentralized tick synchronization for multi-hop medium slotting in wireless ad hoc networks using Black Bursts. In: Proceedings of the 5th annual IEEE communications society conference on Sensor, Mesh, and Ad Hoc Communications and Networks (SECON 2008), San Francisco, USA, pp 422–431, 16–20 June 2008Google Scholar
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    Gotzhein R, Kuhn T (2011) Black Burst Synchronization (BBS)—a protocol for deterministic tick and time synchronization in wireless networks. Comput Netw 55(13):3015–3031CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Engel M, Christmann D, Gotzhein R (2014) Implementation and experimental validation of timing constraints of BBS. In: Krishnamachari B, Murphy AL, Trigoni N (eds) 11th European Conference on Wireless Sensor Networks (EWSN 2014), vol 8354. Springer LNCS, Oxford, pp 84–99, 17–19 Feb 2014Google Scholar
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    Gotzhein R, Kuhn T (2011) Method, computer program product and system for the tick synchronization of nodes in a wireless multi-hop network. European Patent Office, Az EP 2195949, 31 Aug 2011 (date of granting)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kramer C, Christmann D, Gotzhein R (2015) Automatic topology discovery in TDMA-based ad hoc networks. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Wireless Communications & Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC 2015), Dubrovnik, Croatia, pp 634-639, 24–28 Aug 2015Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Braun T, Gotzhein R, Kuhn T (2014) Mode-based scheduling with fast mode-signaling—a method for efficient usage of network time slots. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Computer Science and Information Technology (ICCSIT 2013), Paris, France, 20–21 Dec 2013; Journal of Advances in Computer Networks (JACN), vol 2, issue no. 1, pp 48–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Gotzhein R, Kuhn T (2012) Zeit- und Prioritäts-gesteuerter Sende/Empfangsknoten, Deutsches Patent- und Markenamt, Az 10 2010 039 488, 6 June 2012 (date of granting)Google Scholar
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    Braun T (2016) Reliable mode-based communication and virtual prototyping in the development of distributed real-time systems. Ph.D. Thesis (in German), Computer Science Department, University of KaiserslauternGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Christmann D, Gotzhein R, Rohr S (2012) The Arbitrating Value Transfer Protocol (AVTP)—deterministic binary countdown in wireless multi-hop networks. In: Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computer Communication Networks (ICCCN 2012), Munich, Germany, pp 1–9, July 30–Aug 2, 2012Google Scholar
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    Christmann D (2015) On the development of a wireless binary countdown protocol and the applicability of SDL to such time-critical systems. Ph.D. Thesis, Computer Science Department, University of KaiserslauternGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Becker P, Birtel M, Christmann D, Gotzhein R (2011) Black Burst-based Quality-of-Service Routing (BBQR) for wireless ad-hoc networks. In: Proceedings of the 11th international conference on New Technologies in Distributed Systems (NOTERE 2011), Paris, France, pp 1–8Google Scholar
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    Christmann D, Gotzhein R, Krämer M, Winkler M (2010) Flexible and energy-efficient duty cycling in wireless networks with MacZ. In: Proceedings 10th annual international conference on New Technologies of Distributed Systems (NOTERE 2010), Tozeur, Tunisia, pp 121–128, May 31–June 2, 2010; Journal on Concurrency and Computation: Practice & Experience, vol 25, Issue no. 2, February 2013, pp 218–233Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Fliege I, Geraldy A, Gotzhein R, Jaitner T, Kuhn T, Webel C (2006) An ambient intelligence system to assist team training and competition in cyclin. In: Moritz EF, Haake S (eds) Developments in sports, vol 1: the engineering of sports 6. Springer Science and Business Media, New York, pp 103–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Sefati H, Gotzhein R, Kramer C, Schloesser S, Weiss M (2018) Dynamic overlay line topology establishment and repair in wireless networks. In: IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC 2018), Barcelona, Spain, 15–18 Apr 2018Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Gebhardt J, Gotzhein R, Igel A, Kramer C (2015) QoS multicast routing in partially mobile wireless TDMA networks. In: Proceedings of IEEE Global Communications Conference (Globecom 2015), San Diego, USA, 6–10 Dec 2015Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kramer C, Christmann D, Gotzhein R (2016) A clustering algorithm for distributed service registries in heterogeneous wireless networks. In: Proceedings of wireless days 2016, Toulouse, France, 23–25 Mar 2016Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Chamaken A, Litz L, Krämer M, Gotzhein R (2009) Cross-layer design of wireless networked control systems with energy limitations. In: European Control Conference (ECC 2009), Budapest, HungaryGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Christmann D, Braun T, Engel M, Gotzhein R (2016) BiPS—a real-time-capable protocol framework for wireless sensor networks. In: Proceedings of the 6th international conference on Pervasive and Embedded Computing (PEC 2016), Lisbon, Portugal, pp 17–27, 25–27 Jul 2016Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Engel M, Kramer C, Braun T, Christmann D, Gotzhein R (2019) BiPS—a real-time-capable protocol framework for wireless networked control systems and its application. In: Obaidat M, Cabello E (eds) E-Business and Telecommunications (ICETE 2017), Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol 990. Springer, pp 313–336Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Haupt A, Gotzhein R et al. (2014) Control and communication co-design. In: Lunze J (ed) Control theory of digitally networked dynamic systems. Springer, pp 328–348Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Christmann D, Gotzhein R, Siegmund S, Wirth F (2014) Realization of try-once-discard in wireless multi-hop networks. IEEE Trans Industr Inf 10(1):17–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Duc LH, Christmann D, Gotzhein R, Siegmund S, Wirth F (2015) The stability of try-once-discard for stochastic communication channels—theory and validation. In: 54th conference on Decision and Control, Osaka, Japan, 15–18 Dec 2015Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Berg M, Gotzhein R et al (2015) Vertical integration and adaptive services in networked production environments. In: Proceedings of ERP Future 2015, vol 245. Springer LNBIP, Munich, Germany, pp 1–16, 16 Nov 2015Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Mathews K, Kramer C, Gotzhein R (2017) Token bucket based traffic shaping and monitoring for WLAN-based control systems. In: 28th IEEE annual international symposium on Personal, Indoor, and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC 2017), Montreal, Canada, 8–13 Oct 2017Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kohlstruck C, Mathews K, Gotzhein R (2019) rmin-routing—discovery and operation of routes in wireless ad-hoc networks with specified statistical minimum reliabilities. In: 44th IEEE conference on Local Computer Networks (LCN 2019), Osnabrück, Germany, 14–17 Oct 2019Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Engel M, Gotzhein R (2018) Dynamic computation and adjustment of channel hopping sequences for cognitive radio networks based on quality metrics. In: International conference on Embedded Wireless Systems and Networks (EWSN 2018), Madrid, Spain, 14–16 Feb 2018Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Aragao P, Engel M, Gotzhein R (2018) A three-dimensional stabilization protocol for time-slotted multi-hop cognitive radio networks with channel hopping. In: The 32nd IEEE international conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications (AINA 2018), Cracow, Poland, pp 32–39, 16–18 May 2018Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Braun T, Gotzhein R (2017) Zeit- und Prioritäts-gesteuerter Sende/Empfangsknoten – Technische Realisierungen mit FlexRay und LIN, Deutsches Patent- und Markenamt, Az 10 2012 200 475, Oct 17, 2013 (date of granting); European Patent Register, EP2614996 B1, Nov 11, 2017 (date of granting)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Kramer C, Mathews K, Gotzhein R (2019) Cooperative fair bandwidth scaling in contention-based wireless networks using time token bucket. In: 38th IEEE International Performance Computing and Communications Conference (IPCCC 2019), London, UK, 29–31 Oct 2019Google Scholar

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chair for Networked SystemsTechnische Universität KaiserslauternKaiserslauternGermany

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