Framing Framing: Aliens, Animals, and Anthropological Différance Across Media

  • Roman Bartosch
Part of the Literatures, Cultures, and the Environment book series (LCE)


This chapter continues the debate of ‘creature feeling’ and addresses new media and the more-than-human by returning to key questions in environmental and transcultural education and introducing the concept of frames. Discussing film (District 9) as well as children’s literature and graphic novels (The Stranger and The Rabbits), it sets out to approach the ‘species scale’ (David Herman) of narratives through a variety of media formats with different demands on linguistic capability. It uses well-known educational concepts such as ‘stubborn subjectivity’, ‘understanding alterity’, ‘transformation’ and cooperative tasks and opens the conversation this book has begun for new media and inclusive contexts.


  1. Bartosch, Roman. 2014. Teaching a Poetics of Failure? The Benefit of Not-Understanding the Other, Posthumanism, and the Works of Shaun Tan and Wolf Erlbruch. In Teaching Environments. Ecocritical Encounters, ed. Roman Bartosch and Sieglinde Grimm, 59–73. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  2. ———. 2016. Animals Outside in the Teaching Machine. Anglistik – International Journal of English Studies 27 (2): 147–164.Google Scholar
  3. ———. 2017. Æsthetic Æffect: Relationality as a Core Concept in Environmental Studies and Education. In Ecocriticism: Environments in Anglophone Literatures, ed. Sonja Frenzel and Birgit Neumann, 33–58. Heidelberg: Winter.Google Scholar
  4. Bartosch, Roman, and Greg Garrard. 2013. The Function of Criticism: A Response to William Major and Andrew McMurry’s Editorial. Journal of Ecocriticism 5 (1): 6.Google Scholar
  5. Bland, Janice. 2014. Ecocritical Sensitivity with Multimodal Texts in the EFL/ESL Literature Classroom. In Teaching Environments: Ecocritical Encounters, ed. Roman Bartosch and Sieglinde Grimm, 75–96. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  6. Bouttier, Sarah. 2015. Creaturely Texts, Texts on Creatures. European Journal of English Studies 19 (1): 111–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Calarco, Matthew. 2018. The Three Ethologies. In Exploring Animal Encounters: Philosophical, Cultural, and Historical Perspectives, ed. Dominik Ohrem and Matthew Calarco, 45–62. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chatman, Seymour. 1978. Story and Discourse: Narrative Structure in Fiction and Film. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  9. DeMello, Margo. 2012. Animals and Society: An Introduction to Human-Animal Studies. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Donaldson, Sue, and Will Kymlicka. 2011. Zoopolis: A Political Theory of Animal Rights. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Faulstich, Werner. 2008. Grundkurs Filmanalyse. München: W. Fink.Google Scholar
  12. Gabardi, Wayne. 2017. The Next Social Contract: Animals, the Anthropocene, and Biopolitics. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Garrard, Greg. 2015. Ecocriticism. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. ———. 2017. Towards an Unprecedented Ecocritical Pedagogy. In Teaching Literature, ed. Ben Knights, 189–207. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  15. Goodbody, Axel. 2012. Frame Analysis and the Literature of Climate Change. In Literature, Ecology, Ethics: Recent Trends in Ecocriticism, ed. Timo Müller and Michael Sauter, 15–33. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter.Google Scholar
  16. Heise, Ursula K. 2016. Imagining Extinction: The Cultural Meanings of Endangered Species. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  17. Herman, David (ed.). 2018. Narratology Beyond the Human: Storytelling and Animal Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Hulme, Mike. 2009. Why We Disagree About Climate Change: Understanding Controversy, Inaction and Opportunity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Lioi, Anthony. 2012. Teaching Green Cultural Studies and New Media. In Teaching Ecocriticism and Green Cultural Studies, ed. Greg Garrard. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  20. Marsden, John, and Shaun Tan. 2010. The Rabbits. London: Hodder.Google Scholar
  21. Matthewman, Sasha. 2011. Teaching Secondary English as if the Planet Matters. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  22. Major, William, and Andrew McMurry. 2013. Response of William Major and Andrew McMurry. Journal of Ecocriticism 5 (1): 5.Google Scholar
  23. Ortiz Robles, Mario. 2016. Literature and Animal Studies. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  24. Parham, John. 2006. The Deficiency of “Environmental Capital”: Why Environmentalism Needs a Reflexive Pedagogy. In Ecodidactic Perspectives on English Language, Literatures and Cultures, ed. Sylvia Mayer and Graham Wilson, 7–22. Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag.Google Scholar
  25. Ryan, Tom. 2001. Anthropological Différance: From Derrida to Lévi-Strauss. In Derrida Downunder, ed. Laurence Simmons and Heather Worth, 181–197. Palmerston North: Dunmore P.Google Scholar
  26. Schmidt, Jochen. 2013. Neill Blomkamp, District 9 (2009). In Teaching Contemporary Literature and Culture: Film (Part 1), ed. Susanne Peters, Klaus Stierstorfer, and Laurenz Volkmann. Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag.Google Scholar
  27. Tyler, Tom. 2012. CIFERAE. A Bestiary in Five Fingers. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  28. van Allsburg, Chris. 1986. The Stranger. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
  29. Vermeulen, Pieter. 2015. Contemporary Literature and the End of the Novel: Creature, Affect, Form. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  30. Welling, Bart H., and Scottie Kapel. 2012. The Return of the Animal: Presenting and Representing Non-Human Beings Response-ably in the (Post-)Humanities Classroom. In Teaching Ecocriticism and Green Cultural Studies, ed. Greg Garrard, 104–116. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wolfe, Cary. 2009. Human, All Too Human: “Animal Studies” and the Humanities. PLMA 124 (2): 564–575.Google Scholar
  32. ———. 2010. What Is Posthumanism? Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roman Bartosch
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CologneCologneGermany

Personalised recommendations