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Epidemiology and Racial/Ethnic Differences in Food Allergy

  • Jialing Jiang
  • Christopher M. Warren
  • Ruchi S. GuptaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Food allergy is a serious, potentially life-threatening health condition that can substantially impact quality of life, incur large economic costs, and has been increasing in prevalence worldwide. Estimated pediatric prevalence rates vary drastically by country and range from <1% to over 10%. In the United States, food allergy affects nearly 8% of children, comparable to other countries such as the United Kingdom and Australia. Among children with food allergy in the United States, approximately 40% are reported to have experienced a severe reaction with a similar proportion reporting emergency department visits for food allergy treatment in their lifetime. Additionally, it is suggested that racial differences in food allergy outcomes may exist. Black and Asian children have been reported to be more likely to develop a food allergy. Therefore, this chapter summarizes current literature on pediatric food allergy prevalence and trends as well as observes racial differences in food allergy.

Keywords

Food allergy Epidemiology Prevalence Severity Tolerance Racial differences Economic 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jialing Jiang
    • 1
  • Christopher M. Warren
    • 1
  • Ruchi S. Gupta
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Northwestern University Feinberg School of MedicineCenter for Food Allergy and Asthma ResearchChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Center for Food Allergy and Asthma Research, Northwestern University Feinberg School of MedicineChicagoUSA
  3. 3.Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of ChicagoChicagoUSA

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