ELF for Global Mindsets? Theory and Practice of ELT in Formal Education in Japan
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In these two decades, ELT in Japan has been shifting from teaching English as a Foreign Language (EFL) to teaching English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) in theory. Since the language is believed to be indispensable for international competition and coexistence with heterogenous others, ELT is now expected to develop students’ global mindsets as well as proficiency in English for international communication. However, this paradigm shift does not stem from clear awareness of differences between EFL and ELF but from two general educational trends, resulting in incompatible practice in the classroom—that is, native English speakers-centred teaching. Such teaching necessarily affects students’ ideas of English. This chapter investigates the gap between theory and practice in ELT mainly by looking into documents of ELT policies and argues the importance of a multilingual approach in ELT for the development of students’ English for international communication and of global mindsets.
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