Nanopesticides for Pest Control

  • Saheli Pradhan
  • Damodhara Rao Mailapalli
Part of the Sustainable Agriculture Reviews book series (SARV, volume 40)


The excessive use of pesticides results in poor targeted delivery and off-target waste accumulation that induces mutation in genetic make-up in the target pest, followed by pesticidal resistance. As a consequence, most of the pesticides are lost because of pesticide drift, leading to environment hazards. The active components released from the pesticide formulations are either biodegraded or hydrolysed in the environment. They can even contaminate the surroundings by leaching. Therefore, an urgent attention is required to protect resources. Nanopesticides appear as an alternative because they can be used as ‘smart delivery systems’ for the release of the pesticides in timely but controlled manner, for a desired time-span. This would reduce the risk of environmental pollution and its associated hazards. Physicochemical properties of nanopesticides along with their efficacy against target and non-target organisms need to be studied. Since nanomaterials might exhibit non-specific toxicity to both targeted and non-targeted organisms, toxicological analyses should be performed.


Nanopesticide Insect resistance Mortality Pest control Nanoencapsulation Nanocarriers Targeted delivery Toxicity Nanomaterials Crop protection 



This work was generously supported by major grant from the Food security-MHRD, Government of India (Grant No: 4-25/2013-TS-1) for providing financial support.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saheli Pradhan
    • 1
  • Damodhara Rao Mailapalli
    • 1
  1. 1.Agricultural and Food Engineering DepartmentIndian Institute of Technology KharagpurKharagpurIndia

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