China Contestation of the EU’s Promotion of the Responsibility to Protect: Between Solidarists and Sovereignists
China and the EU are two international actors which have clearly differentiated international identities as well as perceptions and ideas about the rules which should guide the international system. In the area of humanitarian intervention to protect civilian populations from violence inflicted by their government, the EU and its member states have frequently defended the right and necessity of the international community to intervene to ensure against genocide. China has on occasion supported such a view, while on other insisting on sovereignty and non-intervention as fundamental norms trumping human rights. This chapter will explore the Chinese view of the principle of Responsibility to Protect and discuss the Chinese reaction to concrete humanitarian crises situations (Syria, Darfur and Libya). It will then compare and contrast with the EU and its member states’ views and explain how China’s norm contestation has influenced the EU’s approach to humanitarian crisis situations.
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