Energy Management in WSNs

  • Yassine RayriEmail author
  • Hatim Kharraz Aroussi
  • Abdelaziz Mouloudi
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS, volume 92)


The new technology had created “Wireless sensor”. This micro device allows measuring a physical quantity from the environment and transforms it autonomously into a digital value that can be processing. The deployment of several wireless sensors communicating by wireless radio, form a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN). This system can collaborate and collect information from its environment and send them to a Base Station (BS). The collection, processing and transmission of data are the main factors of the dissipation of the energy for the wireless sensors, since these Battery-powered sensors is limited in energy, and it is usually impossible to recharge or replace it, knowing that sensors are generally distributed in places which are difficult to reach. Indeed, the lifetime of the network is one of the major constraints facing in WSN. Therefore the energy consumption of the sensors plays an important role in the network lifetime. Among scientific research developed to improve the lifetime of wireless sensors network is the integration of a new techniques of routing protocols existing. In this paper, we propose a new routing protocol called EDE protocol (Equitable Distribution Energy) based on clustering. The purpose from our protocol is to guarantee an equal distribution of the energy across the network and eliminate the energy holes (black area), without reducing the service life of networks. The Comparisons will be made and studied in order to validate the evaluation of the performances of the proposed technique.


Wireless sensor Clustering Leach Equitable distribution energy 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yassine Rayri
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hatim Kharraz Aroussi
    • 1
  • Abdelaziz Mouloudi
    • 1
  1. 1.University Ibn TofailKénitraMorocco

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