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Food Safety of Edible Insects

  • Miklós MézesEmail author
  • Márta Erdélyi
Chapter

Abstract

Insects are alternative dietary protein sources for humans, but currently there are no specific regulations in most of the countries on the breeding and marketing of insects destined for human consumption. The insects used for human consumption has some potential risks, even when reared in controlled environment and substrate. There are about 2000 edible insect species known and, in certain regions, insects are already eaten by humans for centuries. Nevertheless, there is only little scientific literature available on the food safety of insects. The present chapter summarizes the potential microbial, chemical, and toxicological hazards specifically related to the consumption of insects. Insect proteins may induce allergic reactions, but only few studies are available. These hazards depend on the insect species, the cultivation conditions (substrate and environment), and the subsequent processing technology.

Keywords

Food safety regulations Microbial safety Molds and mycotoxins Parasites Allergic reactions Toxic substances Metals and organic pollutants 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NutritionSzent István UniversityGödöllőHungary

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