An Overview of Bahrain’s Microenterprises Role in Eliminating Unemployment
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Unemployment is one of the most significant communal, humanitarian, and economic issues that prevail in almost all the developing and several developed countries across the globe. It’s identified as one of the major factors that deter economic growth and development. Microenterprises play a pivotal role in generating employment opportunities, especially in countries with low income per capita. Small-scale enterprises are found to be more efficient in creating employment and generating income. They also provide help in boosting the economy during the economic crisis. In Bahrain, microenterprises also show 99% of all the commercial industry, registered. As a whole, the microenterprises sector contributes approximately 28% in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Bahrain. Despite huge significance of microenterprises in Bahrain, there is not much researched or studied about them. The purpose of the study is to provide a complete overview of the SME sector of Bahrain, including its role in eradicating unemployment, so that economic growth can take place. This paper is quite beneficial for the individuals of Bahrain, for providing guidance, regarding the role of SMEs in reducing unemployment. This paper defines that unemployment is a big problem but microenterprises in Bahrain play a positive role in reducing it. The information for this paper is collected from research papers, articles, and books which describe the role of small enterprises in reducing unemployment. Microenterprises in Bahrain reduce the negative effects of unemployment and also improve the standard of living. This paper also attempts to explore the main aspects of the current debate on the regulation and supervision of microfinance in Bahrain, along with arguments related to regulation and supervision of microfinance. In order to reach its full potential and further grow as a credible development tool in Bahrain, the microfinance industry must eventually be able to enter in the area of licensed, supervised financial intermediation to be able to capture and minimize any financial crises or crimes that may possibly occur. Steps to promote their establishment, especially in low socioeconomic settings are also included.
KeywordsUnemployment Microenterprises Bahrain Small and medium enterprises (SMEs)
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