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Longitudinal Analysis of Fetal MRI in Patients with Prenatal Spina Bifida Repair

  • Kelly PayetteEmail author
  • Ueli Moehrlen
  • Luca Mazzone
  • Nicole Ochsenbein-Kölble
  • Ruth Tuura
  • Raimund Kottke
  • Martin Meuli
  • Andras Jakab
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11798)

Abstract

Open spina bifida (SB) is one of the most common congenital defects and can lead to impaired brain development. Emerging fetal surgery methods have shown considerable success in the treatment of patients with this severe anomaly. Afterwards, alterations in the brain development of these fetuses have been observed. Currently no longitudinal studies exist to show the effect of fetal surgery on brain development. In this work, we present a fetal MRI neuroimaging analysis pipeline for fetuses with SB, including automated fetal ventricle segmentation and deformation-based morphometry, and demonstrate its applicability with an analysis of ventricle enlargement in fetuses with SB. Using a robust super-resolution algorithm, we reconstructed fetal brains at both pre-operative and post-operative time points and trained a U-Net CNN in order to automatically segment the ventricles. We investigated the change of ventricle shape post-operatively, and the impacts of lesion size, type, and GA at operation on the change in ventricle shape. No impact was found. Prenatal ventricle volume growth was also investigated. Our method allows for the quantification of longitudinal morphological changes to fully quantify the impact of prenatal SB repair and could be applied to predict postnatal outcomes.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Financial support was provided by the OPO Foundation, Anna Müller Grocholski Foundation, the Foundation for Research in Science and the Humanities at the University of Zurich, EMDO Foundation, Hasler Foundation, and the Forschungszentrum für das Kind Grant (FZK).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kelly Payette
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ueli Moehrlen
    • 2
  • Luca Mazzone
    • 2
  • Nicole Ochsenbein-Kölble
    • 2
  • Ruth Tuura
    • 1
  • Raimund Kottke
    • 3
  • Martin Meuli
    • 2
  • Andras Jakab
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for MR-Research, University Children’s Hospital ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Fetal Surgery and Prenatal Consultation, University Children’s Hospital ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  3. 3.Diagnostic Imaging and Intervention, University Children’s Hospital ZurichZurichSwitzerland

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