A 3D Non-stationaryWideband Channel Model for MIMO V2V Tunnel Communications

  • Hao Jiang
  • Guan Gui
Part of the Wireless Networks book series (WN)


In this chapter, we present a 3-D wideband geometry-based channel model for MIMO V2V communication in tunnel environments. We introduce a two-cylinder model to describe moving vehicles, as well as multiple confocal semi-ellipsoid models to depict internal surfaces of tunnel walls. The received signal is constructed as a sum of direct line-of-sight propagations, rays with single and double interactions. The movement between the mobile transmitter and mobile receiver results in time-varying geometric statistics that make our channel model non-stationary. Using this channel model, the proposed channel characteristics are studied for different V2V scenarios. The numerical results demonstrate that the proposed 3-D non-wide-sense stationary (WSS) wideband channel model is practical for characterizing real V2V channels.


3-D wideband geometry-based channel model Two-cylinder model Multiple confocal semi-ellipsoid models Line-of-sight propagations Rays with single and double interactions 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hao Jiang
    • 1
  • Guan Gui
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Electronic and Information EngineeringNanjing University of Information Science and TechnologyNanjingChina
  2. 2.College of Telecommunications and Information EngineeringNanjing University of Posts and TelecommunicationsNanjingChina

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