Application of a New Concept of Cracked Soils in Slope Stability Analysis with Heavy Rain and the Pattern of Cracks as the Governing Factors

  • D. AmaliaEmail author
  • I. B. Mochtar
  • N. E. Mochtar
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 53)


The results of slope stability analyses in a new construction area at the State Polytechnic of Balikpapan, Indonesia revealed that the slopes are all in a stable condition with a safety factor (SF) greater than 1, even when the slopes were assumed to be fully saturated. However, in reality the slopes had been sliding and creeping downward, especially when heavy to very heavy rain occurred. The slope movements had caused severe damage and destruction to parts of the surrounding structures. This phenomenon of contradiction between geotechnical analysis and field conditions would not have occurred if the new concept of cracked soil was used. In the concept of cracked soils, heavy to very heavy rains and the crack patterns are the governing factors for slope stability. The results of the re-analysis, conducted with the new concept of cracked soils, reveal that the slopes are indeed sliding and unsafe (SF < 1). Therefore, the new concept of cracked soils is a more appropriate method for slope stability analysis.


Cracked soil Slope stability Behaving like sand Pore water pressure build up 



This paper was supported by the Hibah Penelitian Disertasi Doktor (Grant for Doctorate Dissertation) from the Directorate General for Research and Development, Ministry of Research and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia, 2019. The author wishes to express her gratitude for the support given to this work.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringPoliteknik Negeri Bandung (POLBAN)BandungIndonesia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringInstitut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS)SurabayaIndonesia

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