Advertisement

Disinfection By-Products Precursors Removal by Simultaneous Coagulation and Disinfection in River Water

  • Nur Izzati Naserun
  • Nurul Hana Mokhtar KamalEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 53)

Abstract

Disinfection in drinking water had significantly reduced the risk of pathogenic diseases but may cause chemical threat to human health due to disinfection by-products (DBPs) formation in the presence of natural organic matter (NOM). In general practice, NOM can be removed by using coagulation process. However, the efficiency of a coagulant-disinfectant mixture as a quick water treatment measure in removing NOM as the disinfection by-products needs to be determined. The main objective of this research is to determine the ability of DBPs precursors’ removal of coagulant—disinfectant mixtures. Selected water quality parameters which are turbidity, UV254 and DOC were tested to observe the DBPs precursors removal when using either ferric chloride (FeCl3) or ferric sulphate (Fe2(SO4)3) as coagulant and either chlorine (Cl2) or chlorine dioxide (ClO2) as the disinfectants. FeCl3 was a better coagulant compared to Fe2(SO4)3 in removing DBPs precursors with percentage of 98.03 and 87.91 removal for turbidity, and UV254, respectively. The combination between FeCl3 and Cl2 resulted in the highest turbidity and UV254 removal, 97.11% and 79%, respectively, while the combination between Fe2(SO4)3 and Cl2 only recorded DOC removal of 25.5% from the water sample.

Keywords

Disinfection by-products Coagulation Disinfection Natural organic matter 

References

  1. 1.
    Abebe LS, Chen X, Sobsey MD (2016) Chitosan coagulation to improve microbial and turbidity removal by ceramic water filtration for household drinking water treatment. Int J Environ Res Publ Health 13:269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Beckett R, Ranville J (2006) Natural organic matter (Chap. 17). Interface Sci Technol 10(198):299–315Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chandekar N, Godboley BJ (2017) A review on phytoremediation a sustainable solution for treatment of kitchen wastewater. Int J Sci Res 6:1850–1855Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chang HH, Tung HH, Chao CC, Wang GS (2010) Occurrence of haloacetic acids (HAAs) and trihalomethanes (THMs) in drinking water of Taiwan. Environ Monit Assess 162:237–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chekli L, Eripret C, Park SH, Tabatabai SAA, Vronska O, Tamburic B, Kim JH, Shon HK (2017) Coagulation performance and floc characteristics of polytitanium tetrachloride (PTC) compared with titanium tetrachloride (TiCl4) and ferric chloride (FeCl3) in algal turbid water. Sep Purif Technol 175:99–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    EPA (2011) Controlling disinfection by-products and microbial contaminants in drinking water controlling disinfection by-products and microbial. National Risk Management Research Laboratory, pp i–xiiiGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gough R, Holliman PJ, Willis N, Freeman C (2014) Dissolved organic carbon and trihalomethane precursor removal at a UK upland water treatment works. Sci Total Environ 468–469:228–239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hua G, Reckhow DA (2007) Comparison of disinfection by-product formation from chlorine and alternative disinfectants. Water Res 41:1667–1678CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ibrahim N, Aziz HA (2014) Trends on natural organic matter in drinking water sources and its treatment. Int J Sci Res Environ Sci 2:94–106Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    MOH (2010) Drinking water quality standard. Drinking Water Quality Surveillance Programme, Engineering Services Division, Ministry of Health Malaysia. Available from http://kmam.moh.gov.my/public-user/drinking-water-quality-standard.html, 20 Mar 2018
  11. 11.
    Mokhtar Kamal NH, Muhammad Jefri NI, Abdul Aziz H (2019) Effectiveness of trihalomethane (THM) precursors removal in groundwater using coagulant-disinfectant. Int J Integr Eng 11(2):129–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pandey PK, Kass PH, Soupir ML, Biswas S, Singh VP (2014) Contamination of water resources by pathogenic bacteria. AMB Express 4(51):1–16Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sahu OP, Chaudhari PK (2013) Review on chemical treatment of industrial waste water. J Appl Sci Environmental Manag 17(2):241–257Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sillanpää M, Ncibi MC, Matilainen A, Vepsäläinen M (2018) Removal of natural organic matter in drinking water treatment by coagulation: a comprehensive review. Chemosphere 190:54–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sillanpää M (2014) Natural organic matter in water. IWA Publishing, LondonGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tubić A, Agbaba J, Dalmacija B, Molnar J, Maletić S, Watson M, Perović SU (2013) Insight into changes during coagulation in NOM reactivity for trihalomethanes and haloacetic acids formation. J Environ Manage 118:153–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    USEPA (2013) SESD operating procedure: surface water sampling (SESDPROC-201-R3). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Science and ecosystem support division, Athens, GeorgiaGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Yang X, Guo W, Lee W (2013) Formation of disinfection byproducts upon chlorine dioxide preoxidation followed by chlorination or chloramination of natural organic matter. Chemosphere 91(11):1477–1485CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nur Izzati Naserun
    • 1
  • Nurul Hana Mokhtar Kamal
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Civil EngineeringUniversiti Sains MalaysiaNibong TebalMalaysia

Personalised recommendations