Advertisement

Characterization of Aerobic Granular Sludge (AGS) Formation During Start-Up Phase for Leachate Treatment

  • Nur Ain Hamiruddin
  • Nik Azimatolakma AwangEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 53)

Abstract

The treatment of landfill leachate at Pulau Burung, Penang was investigated by applying aerobic granular sludge (AGS) during Start-up. The AGS was grown from a lab-scale with 10 L working volume of sequencing batch reactor (SBR). An achievement of AGS reactors in treatment and effluent quality shows the soluble chemical oxygen demand (CODs) have a small difference with total chemical oxygen demand (CODt) as an effluent quality parameter. In the biological process, a beginning rate of oxygen uptake rate (OUR) was fluctuates, the granules reached maximum value on day 47 with 0.85 (mg O2/L/min) that shows the maximum value due to microbes are quickly growing and reproducing. The sludge retention time (SRT) was conducted in a range of 3–25 d, fluctuate between days 0 and 50 that indicates the SBR system was unstable and immature aerobic granules until day 50. The AGS morphology shows although the granules not matured yet during Start-up but the settling properties exhibited at 47 days indicating good settleability when obtained the sludge volume index (SVI30) between 50 and 80 mL/g. The efficiencies of ammonium removal is above 95% from days 30 to 50 with pH value of 7.9–8.2 but adversely when pH value more than 8.5.

Keywords

Aerobic granular sludge (AGS) Sequencing batch reactor (SBR) Leachate Start-up phase 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was sponsored under the Research University Individual Grant (1001/PAWAM/8014038) and Short Term Grant (304/PAWAM/6315151) provided by Universiti Sains Malaysia.

References

  1. 1.
    APHA (2005) Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. American public health association/ american water works association/ water environment federation, 21st edn. WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cui YW, Zhang HY, Ding YR, Peng YZ (2016) The effects of salinity on nitrification using halophilic nitrifiers in a sequencing batch reactor treating hypersaline wastewater. Sci Republic 6:24–25Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    de Kreuk MK, Kishida N, Tsuneda S, van Loosdrecht MCM (2010) Behaviour of polymeric substrates in an aerobic granular sludge system. Water Res 44:29–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Environmental Quality (2009) Control of pollution from solid waste transfer station and landfill regulations, 11th ednGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fabregas TV (2005) SBR technology for wastewater treatment: suitable operational conditions for a nutrient removal. Doctoral thesis, Universitat de Girona, SpainGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ferraz FM, Povinelli J, Vieira EM (2013) Ammonia removal from landfill leachate by air stripping and absorption. Environ Technol 34:17–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Giesen A, de Bruin LMM, Niermans RP, van der Roest HF (2013) Advancements in the application of aerobic granular biomass technology for sustainable treatment of wastewater. Water Practical Technol 8:47–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gotvajn AZ, Pavko A (2015) Perspectives on Biological Treatment of Sanitary Landfill Leachate. Wastewater Treatment Engineering 13:31–39Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kamaruddin MA, Yusoff MS, Aziz HA, Alrozi R (2016) Current status of Pulau Burung Sanitary Landfill leachate treatment, Penang Malaysia. In: AIP conference proceedings, vol 1774, p 030014Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ministry of Housing and Local Government (1998) Guidelines for developers: sewage treatment plant, vol IV, 2nd edn. MalaysiaGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Miao L, Yang G, Tao T, Peng Y (2019) Recent advances in nitrogen removal from landfill leachate using biological treatments—a review. J Environ Manag 235:178–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nancharaiah YV, Kumar GK (2018) Bioresource technology aerobic granu-lar sludge technology : mechanisms of granulation and biotechnological applications. Bioresour Technol, pp 1128–1143Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Pishgar R, Dominic JA, Sheng Z, Tay JH (2018) Influence of operation mode and wastewater strength on aerobic granulation at pilot scale: startup period, granular sludge characteristics, and effluent quality. Water Res 160:81–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sheng GP, Li AJ, Li XY, Yu HQ (2010) Effects of seed sludge properties and selective biomass discharge on aerobic sludge granulation. J Chem Eng 160:108–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wang Z, Liu Y (2008) Aerobic granulation at different SBR cycle times, 1st edn. Taylor & Franchis GroupGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Winkler M-KH, Kleerebezem R, Strous M, Chandran K, van Loosdrecht MCM (2013) Factors influencing the density of aerobic granular sludge. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 16:7459–7468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Zhao M, Gong J, Yang C, Pu W (2013) Simulation of the performance of aerobic granular sludge SBR using modified ASM3 model. Biores Technol 127:473–481CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zhu L, Yu Y, Dai X, Xu X, Qi H (2013) Optimization of selective sludge discharge mode for enhancing the stability of aerobic granular sludge process. J Chem Eng 217:442–446CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Civil EngineeringUniversiti Sains MalaysiaNibong TebalMalaysia

Personalised recommendations