Groundwater Regulation, Compliance and Enforcement: Insights on Regulators, Regulated Actors and Frameworks in New South Wales, Australia

  • Cameron HolleyEmail author
  • Tariro Mutongwizo
  • Susan Pucci
  • Juan Castilla-Rho
  • Darren Sinclair
Part of the Global Issues in Water Policy book series (GLOB, volume 24)


Compliance and enforcement is a major issue for groundwater management. Yet it remains untheorised and underexamined. This chapter drills down into Australian compliance and enforcement efforts, which have been on a significant reform journey over the last two decades, oscillating between being an under resourced, low priority water reform task, to taking primacy within national and state water reform frameworks. The chapter begins by developing an analytical framework for studying groundwater compliance and enforcement. Using a case study of the state of New South Wales, the chapter examines the experiences of a government regulator and the compliance and enforcement experiences of water users. It concludes with a summary of challenges and policy implications for groundwater compliance and enforcement regimes.


Water compliance Water enforcement Water crime Water regulation 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cameron Holley
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tariro Mutongwizo
    • 2
  • Susan Pucci
    • 3
  • Juan Castilla-Rho
    • 4
  • Darren Sinclair
    • 5
  1. 1.Faculty of LawUniversity of New South Wales SydneySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.University of New South WalesSydneyAustralia
  3. 3.NSW Department of Planning, Industry and Environment – WaterSydneyAustralia
  4. 4.UTS (University of Technology Sydney)SydneyAustralia
  5. 5.Institute for Governance and Policy Analysis (IGPA)University of CanberraCanberraAustralia

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