Spinal Conditions

  • Robert Carachi


This chapter consists of conditions, many of which are already described in other chapters. Most of the conditions described include clinical figures.


Syndromes Associations Genetic Malformations 

Further Reading

  1. Houtrow A. Spina bifida. In: McInery TK, Adam HM, Campbell DE, DeWitt TG, Foy JM, Kamat DM, editors. American academy of pediatrics textbook of pediatric care. 2nd ed. Itasca, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics; 2019.Google Scholar
  2. O’Kane R, Begg T. The brain and central nervous system. In: Carachi R, Doss SHE, editors. Clinical embryology: an atlas of congenital malformation. Basel: Springer; 2019.Google Scholar
  3. O’Kane R, Kommer M. Neurosurgical diseases of the nervous system. In: Goel KM, Carachi R, editors. Hutchison’s atlas of paediatric physical diagnosis. 2nd ed. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers; 2014. p. 370–85.Google Scholar
  4. Özek MM, Cinalli G, Maixner W, editors. Spina bifida: management and outcome. Milan: Springer-Verlag; 2008.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Carachi
    • 1
  1. 1.Surgical PaediatricsUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUK

Personalised recommendations