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Mycorrhiza in Mixed Plantations

  • Maiele Cintra SantanaEmail author
  • Arthur Prudêncio de Araujo Pereira
  • Bruna Andréia de Bacco Lopes
  • Agnès Robin
  • Antonio Marcos Miranda Silva
  • Elke Jurandy Bran Nogueira Cardoso
Chapter
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Abstract

Mycorrhiza is a mutualistic symbiosis found in about 90% of the terrestrial plants. The arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) and ectomycorrhiza (ECM), present in Eucalypt and Acacia, are the most studied in forests due to their importance in ecosystem productivity and sustainability in forestry. Here, our focus is to show recent results regarding their incidence, diversity, and functioning in planted forests, mainly those of Eucalyptus and Acacia spp. in consortia. Until recently, everybody assumed that arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) were restricted to the uppermost 30 cm of soil. Yet, we evaluated their presence at the soil surface and in much deeper layers, since Eucalypt presents a root system that reaches down to about 20 m, still active in acquiring nutrients and water from deep reserves, which is of utmost importance during drought periods. In tropical soils of low pH and low fertility, with highly variable moisture levels, mycorrhiza provides better growth and higher tolerance to water deficiency and high temperatures, protection against pathogens, and greater efficiency in nutrient uptake. In short, mycorrhiza is a key factor of sustainability for Eucalypt stands in monoculture and in mixed plantations, mainly in tropical highly weathered soils.

Keywords

Arbuscular mycorrhiza Ectomycorrhiza Symbiosis Eucalyptus Acacia Deep soil 

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Maiele Cintra Santana
    • 1
    Email author
  • Arthur Prudêncio de Araujo Pereira
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bruna Andréia de Bacco Lopes
    • 1
  • Agnès Robin
    • 1
    • 3
  • Antonio Marcos Miranda Silva
    • 1
  • Elke Jurandy Bran Nogueira Cardoso
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Soil ScienceUniversity of São Paulo, “Luiz de Queiroz” College of AgriculturePiracicabaBrazil
  2. 2.Soil Science Department (Pici Campus)Federal University of CearáFortalezaBrazil
  3. 3.Eco & Sols, Univ. Montpellier, CIRAD, INRA, IRD, Montpellier SupAgroMontpellierFrance

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