Hierarchical Clustering Based Medical Video Watermarking Using DWT and SVD

  • S. Ponni alias sathya
  • N. RevathiEmail author
  • M. Rukmani
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies book series (LNDECT, volume 35)


A video watermarking technique is proposed in for securing medical videos by adapting new clustering algorithm. As per law the information need to keep secure in order to protect the privacy of the patient. Cybercriminals may sell the medical video with the patient’s fake identities which leads to data insecurity and various criminal activities. And so the technique is mainly for maintenance and confidentiality purpose of medical video. This is designed in a way to cluster the medical video frames which incorporates a Euclidean distance of frames. The Hierarchical representation is constructed for every cluster to choose key frame with the entropy and Probability Density Function (PDF) value of the frames. Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) and Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) improve the performance of the watermark embedding process, where the watermark image is chosen to embed into the selected key frames for every cluster. The experimental results show that the proposed scheme has higher robustness and imperceptibility against various image and video processing attacks.


Video watermark Clustering Hierarchical Key frame DWT SVD Medical video 



We are grateful to each and everyone who are constantly helped and supported us during the project work. The facilities received from our institutions made our work easier. And the guidance of faculty members broaden our minds to do the project with interest and enhanced knowledge. With the enriched motivation and encouragement of our parents and friends, the project is enthusiastically completed.


  1. 1.
    Ling, H., Wangn, L., Zou, F., Lu, Z., Li, P.: Robust video watermarking based on affine invariant regions in the compressed domain. Signal Process. 91, 1863–1875 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sake, A., Tirumala, R.: Bi-orthogonal wavelet transform based video watermarking using optimization techniques. In: Proceedings, vol. 5, pp. 1470–1477 (2018)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rasti, P., Samiei, S., Agoyi, M., Escalera, S., Anbarjafari, G.: Robust non-blind color video watermarking using QR decomposition and entropy analysis. J. Vis. Commun. Image Represent. 38, 838–847 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Thind, D.K., Jindal, S.: A semi blind DWT-SVD video watermarking. Proc. Comput. Sci. 46, 1661–1667 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Agarwal, P., Kumar, A., Choudhary, A.: A secure and reliable video watermarking technique. In: 2015 International Conference on Computer and Computational Sciences (ICCCS) (2015)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yassin, N.I., Salem, N.M., El Adawy, M.I.: QIM blind video watermarking scheme based on Wavelet transform and principal component analysis. Alexandria Eng. J. 53, 833–842 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Singh, T.R., Singh, K.M., Roy, S.: Video watermarking scheme based on visual cryptography and scene change detection. Int. J. Electron. Commun. (AEÜ) 67, 645–651 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Venugopala, P.S., Sarojadevi, H., Chiplunkar, N.N.: An approach to embed image in video as watermark using a mobile device. Sustain. Comput.: Inform. Syst. 15 82–87 (2017)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ramakrishnan, S., Ponni alias Sathya, S.: Video copyright protection using chaotic maps and singular value decomposition in wavelet domain. IETE J. Res. 1–13 (2018)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ponni alias Sathya, S., Ramakrishnan, S.: Fibonacci based key frame selection and scrambling for video watermarking in DWT–SVD domain. Wirel. Pers. Commun. 102, 1–21 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
  12. 12.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Information TechnologyDr. Mahalingam College of Engineering and TechnologyPollachiIndia
  2. 2.Bachelor of Information TechnologyDr. Mahalingam College of Engineering and TechnologyPollachiIndia

Personalised recommendations