Advertisement

Wearable Antennas for Human Physiological Signal Measurements

  • M. VanithaEmail author
  • S. Ramesh
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies book series (LNDECT, volume 35)

Abstract

Healthcare is a very important aspect in human life, but it should not be considered to be important for few people only. The population in the elder age group has substantially increased worldwide. Today most of the sick and elderly people are living alone at home, due to the high cost in consistent monitoring of health and expensive healthcare facilities at hospitals/nursing homes. To overcome this hurdle and bring health care to the aid of a common man too, a latest technology to monitor health via Remote health monitoring through telehealth application is implemented to monitor elders and new born babies. Remote health care monitoring system is made possible through wearable antenna. Modern communication and information technologies offers capable and cost effective solution that allows elders and the sick to be under un interrupted monitoring and still continue to live in their homes instead of expensive nursing home/hospital care. These Wearable antennas are fabricated by Nonwoven Conductive Fabrics (NWCFs) technology and used for measuring physiological signals (ECG, EMG, HR, BP, EDA, and RR) from human body. The wearable antenna transmits data through the 5G technology. The 5G technology supports sub-6 GHz frequency band and its range is 3.3–4.4 GHz. The NWCFs based wearable antennas are low cost, washable, without fraying problem and comfortable to the users. To highlight the suitability of the latest fabrication technique and to emphasize its benefits the proposed antenna is simulated to get the desired results.

Keywords

Remote health monitoring Wearable antenna NWCFs Physiological signals 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The authors wish to acknowledge DST-FIST supporting facilities available in the department of Electronics and Communication Engineering at Valliammai Engineering College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

References

  1. 1.
    Mandal, D., Pattnaik, S.: Quad-band wearable slot antenna with low SAR values for 1.8 GHz DCS, 2.4 GHz WLAN and 3.6/5.5 GHz WiMAX applications. In: Progress in Electromagnetic Research B, vol. 81, pp. 163–182, September 2018CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Corchia, L., Monti, G., de Benedetto, E., Tarricone, L.: Wearable antennas for remote health care monitoring systems. Int. J. Antennas Propag. 2017(3012341), 1–11 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Majumder, S., Aghayi, E., Noferesti, M., Memarzadeh-Tehran, H., Mondal, T., Pang, Z., Deen, M.: Smart homes for elderly healthcare-recent advances and research challenges. Sensors 17, 1–35 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Majumder, S., Mondal, T., Deen, M.: Wearable sensors for remote health monitoring system. Sensors 17(1), 130 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nakamura, R., Hadama, H.: Target localization using multi-static UWB sensor for indoor monitoring system. In: 2017 IEEE Topical Conference on Wireless Sensors and Sensor Networks (WiSNet), pp. 37–40, January 2017Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Monti, G., Corchia, L., De Benedetto, E., Tarricone, L.: Wearable logo-antenna for GPS–GSM-based tracking systems. IET Microwaves Antennas Propag. 10(12), 1332–1338 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kiourti, A., Lee, C., Volakis, J.L.: Fabrication of textile antennas and circuits with 0.1 mm precision. IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 15, 151–153 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Monti, G., Corchia, L., Tarricone, L.: Textile logo antennas. In: Proceedings of 2014 Mediterranean Microwave Symposium (MMS2014), pp. 1–5, December 2014Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Monti, G., Corchia, L., Tarricone, L.: Fabrication techniques for wearable antennas. In: 43rd European Microwave Conference, pp. 1747–1750, October 2013Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringValliammai Engineering CollegeChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations