A New Approach to Interoperability in Disaster Management

  • Marcelo Zambrano VizueteEmail author
  • Francisco Pérez
  • Ana Zambrano
  • Edgar Maya
  • Mauricio Dominguez
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1066)


This paper proposes an architectural scheme for developing an interoperability platform between diverse information systems involved in emergency management. The proposal consists of a distributed communications infrastructure, based on an EDXL-DE model for the exchange of information in emergency settings as a single data model within it. A middleware layer works to adapt services and information offered by each system integrated into the platform according to the EDXL-DE standard, in order to access and/or publish information from any node or system within the infrastructure. To validate the proposal, the interoperability platform was implemented with three communications nodes located in three different locations under simulated emergency conditions. Information was exchanged between the three proprietary systems, each linked to one of the communications nodes of the platform. The staff of two response and humanitarian aid agencies participated in interoperability testing, and they confirmed the usability and functionality of the platform. The results verified the advantages and benefits of the platform, and uncovered some issues that need to be dealt with in the short and medium terms. The main contribution of this work is to provide an interoperability solution for independent information systems involved in emergency management, and to lay the groundwork for a coordinated and collaborative response between the agencies involved.


Disaster management Information systems Interoperability 


  1. 1.
    Wayne, B.: Guide to emergency management and related terms, definitions, concepts, acronyms, organizations, programs, guidance, executive orders & legislation. FEMA (2008)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Alto Comisionado de las Naciones Unidas para los Refugiados, «Manual para situaciones de emergencia», ACNUR (2012)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Federal Emergency Management Agency: Course IS-0230.d: fundamentals of emergency management (2015)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    IEEE: IEEE Standard Computer Dictionary: a compilation of IEEE standard computer glossaries. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York (1990)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Williams, A.P.: Agility and Interoperability for 21st Century Command and Control, vol. 4. CCRP (2010)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Department of Homeland Security US: «Federal Emergency Management Agency». Accessed 25 July 2016
  7. 7.
    International Organization for Standardization: «ISO/TC 223 Societal security». Accessed 20 July 2016
  8. 8.
    United Nations: «The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction». Accessed 1 June 2016
  9. 9.
    NATO: «Multilateral Interoperability Programm». Accessed 15 May 2016
  10. 10.
    de Souza, L.C.C., Pinheiro, W.A.: An approach to data correlation using JC3IEDM model, pp. 1099–1102. IEEE, Tampa (2015)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    NATO: Overview of the joint C3 information exchange data model. North Atlantic Treaty Organization – MIP (2012)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pack, D., Coleman, C.: Assessing interoperability in emergency management standards, pp. 334–339. IEEE, Huntsville (2008)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    DHS: Emergency data exchange language. Suit of Standards, Department of Homeland Security (2014)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bloebaum, T.H., Johnsen, F.T., Brannsten, M.R., Alcaraz-Calero, J., Wang, Q., Nightingale, J.: Recommendations for realizing SOAP publish/subscribe in tactical networks. IEEE, Brussels (2016)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    e-geos: «e-geos Satellite Data», 6 June 2016.
  16. 16.
    Thales Group: «Thales Command and Control Systems», 6 June 2016.
  17. 17.
    United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs: «Reliefweb», 6 June 2016.
  18. 18.
    FP7 European Union: «DESTRIERO», 29 July 2106.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcelo Zambrano Vizuete
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  • Francisco Pérez
    • 2
  • Ana Zambrano
    • 3
  • Edgar Maya
    • 1
  • Mauricio Dominguez
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidad Técnica del NorteSan Miguel de IbarraEcuador
  2. 2.Universitat Politècnica de ValènciaValenciaSpain
  3. 3.Escuela Politécnica NacionalQuitoEcuador
  4. 4.Instituto Tecnológico Superior RumiñahuiSangolquíEcuador

Personalised recommendations