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Innovative Import Substitution in Russia and the World: A Comparative Analysis

  • Alla V. LitvinovaEmail author
  • Natalya S. Talalaeva
  • Marina V. Ledeneva
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS, volume 91)

Abstract

The purpose of the paper is to theoretically prove the role of innovations in import substitution, develop the performance benchmarks reflecting the impact of innovation on the import substitution as well as reveal the trends of innovative import substitution in different countries depending on the features of their external economic balance. The research methodology relies on the fact that the foreign trade turnover of each country where innovative import substitution occurs suffers structural changes, which are manifested in the growing proportion of innovative goods in exports and decreasing proportion of similar goods in imports. Therewith, the augmented export of innovative goods is proportional to the drop in the import thereof. An indicator of the positive impact of innovation on import substitution is simultaneous growth of costs associated with the innovation activity, and increasing export of innovative goods; moreover, the innovation component of exports should outstrip the innovation costs. The condition for innovative import substitution in countries with a very high or very low export-import coverage ratio of suitable values hereof (100–115%) against the background of the growing share of innovative goods’ exports. The authors investigated the dynamic changes of innovative import substitution in twelve countries of the world that representing various models of the establishment of foreign trade balance and applied the method of analytical equalization of the dynamic series. Analysis of target indicators of the positive impact of innovations on import substitution shows that all the countries under consideration to some extent perform innovative import substitution. We want particularly note Russia, the United States, Great Britain, Mexico, and South Africa. Regardless of the results achieved by the countries, the innovative import substitution should be developed towards the promotion of technological modernization of domestic production, enhancement of its efficiency and development of new competitive types of goods with high added value.

Keywords

Import substitution Innovations Import Export Foreign trade balance Cross-country comparisons 

JEL Code

F14 O 39 O57 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The publication was prepared with the assistance of the Autonomous Non-Profit Organization “Institute of Scientific Communications” (Volgograd).

The research was conducted under financial support of the Department of Human and Social Sciences of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research in the framework of the research project “Comprehensive Assessment of the Import Substitution Efficiency and Its Impact on Economic Growth of Russia” (Project No. 19-010-00519 A).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alla V. Litvinova
    • 1
    Email author
  • Natalya S. Talalaeva
    • 1
  • Marina V. Ledeneva
    • 1
  1. 1.Volzhskii Branch of Volgograd State UniversityVolzhskiiRussian Federation

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