Appellations of Origin of Goods as a Tool of Socio-Economic Development and Preservation of Cultural Diversity of Russia in the Context of Globalization
One of the causes of tension and instability of the ethnic group as a social system, today are the processes of globalization. Issues of preservation and development of traditional knowledge of the ethnic group through folk art crafts, as a tool for preservation of cultural diversity and social basis of society in conditions of globalization. It has received great attention from both scientists and practitioners.
The purpose of this study is a comparative analysis of approaches to legal protection of products of traditional crafts as objects of intellectual property. Consideration from the point of view of evolutionary, systemic approaches the development of crafts in various countries of the world and Russian Federation.
The methodology for studying the content of discussions consists of: development of conceptual apparatus, opinions of experts, statistical (quantitative) methods, evaluation methods of state policy in the field of protection of intellectual rights of producers of folk handicrafts and the preservation of traditional knowledge.
This article presents results on the analysis of folk art crafts state as a sector of market economy and social stability of society in risks conditions of ethnic identity loss by globalization processes. The role of the industry in the economy of countries has been determined, as well as the most optimal mechanisms for protecting the legitimate interests of producers have been identified. Protection of traditional knowledge from distortion and favorable conditions for the development of creativity is identified also.
Recommendations on updating of international agreements in the field of preservation of traditional crafts, including protection of intellectual rights of their producers, taking into account positive experience regulation of countries practicing the use of appellations of origin.
KeywordsEthnos Culture Traditions Folk art crafts Goods Appellation of origin Geographical indication Traditions Objects of intellectual property Globalization
JEL codeF69 L79 O34 Z19
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